Please bear in mind: The purpose of this historical contribution is for studying purposes only, therefore, do not multiply it, as still Crown Copyrights being valid, partially!

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                                    Crown Copyright

KV 2/907

van Rensburg

Kommandant General

PF 66175/V1

AOB: could point at the fact that there once existed, at least, a Volume 2

This file should be digested in combination with: https://www.cdvandt.org/KV-2-2639-Kraizizek%20OB-SA-modi.pdf

as well as

https://www.cdvandt.org/kv-2757-768-trompke.htm

The British Archive provides additionally:

Quoting:  Right-Wing-Extremist

Commandant General van Rensburg South Africa.

A National-Socialist and admirer of Hitler in the 1930s, in 1941 van Rensburg became Commandant General of Ossewa-Brandwag

AOB: According my private notes:

Dr. J.F.L. van Rensburg

Some source gave J.F.J. as his initials

The latter is most likely correct.

J = Johannes (Hanns or Hannes)

British internal alias, was: Vacuum

 

Page initiated 16 June 2024

Current status: 13 July 2024

Chapter 1

Chapter 2 (since 21 June 2024)

Chapter 3  (since 4 July 2024)

Chapter 4 (since 7 July 2024)

Chapter 5 (since 9 July 2024)

Chapter 6 (since 13 July 2024)

 

KV 2/907-1, page 2

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.    .    .

See also: xxxxx /SA-German Espionage in South Africa

AOB: In my perception intriguing, are the frequent, more than 24 years lasting British internal Services, considerations.

The June 1993 consideration may be noticed as 'the weeding through' all the to be released British Secret Service Files up to about the early 1950s.

These files had been made public about 1999 up to, I suppose, 2015.

Since about 2015 these became (peu à peu) also available as 'filmed files', luckily for us, by the way. May I guess - that the 'National Lottery' provided the funds for this elaborated project?  

 

KV 2/907-1, page 4a

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Minute Sheets

(AOB: I like these kind of sheets - as they provide quite some interesting matters, which after these files had been, I suppose, thus after their PF numbers the newly created the KV 2/xxxx serials, some references had been destroyed,  somewhere in the 1950s and 1960s.  Likely followed by a 'post weeding process' towards the end of the last century. Thus we encounter references which might, sometimes, being destroyed. However, in some file series this is clearly noticed.

11.11.41.    Extract fro Report on the Afrikaner Broederbond.                    1X  (AOB: quite curious is using capitals as 99.99% are using 1x or 1a and that like)

17.12.41.    Extract from S.I.S. (AOB: Secret Intelligence Service, which became later M.I.6; dealing with Foreign Countries)  Re arrangements in S. Africa for Hans Von Kotze (= Double agent Springbok) (KV 2/1134 ... KV 2/1136: PF 63201), referring to Van Rensburg.   1A (1a).

17.12.41.    Copy of Telegram to Chief of General Staff, Pretoria referring to Van Rensburg            2A  (2a).

1.1.42.       Copy of Minute from B.1.b. (= M.I.5 at St. James Street in London) to B.1.a (thus an internal letter from one desk to another desk) referring to extract from Overseas Bulletin of December 1941.  3A (3a).

18.8.42.     Extract from E.A.I.C. Security Intelligence Bulletin No. 27.            3B (3b).

22.1.43.    Extract from South Africa House Report on the Ossewa-Brandwag and Kindred Activities.            4A (4a).

4.3.43.      B.1.b Note on the Trompke Intelligence Network (https://www.cdvandt.org/kv-2757-768-trompke.htm)            5A (5a).

undated   From R.S.S. (Radio Security Service)  Interim Report of Felix (Lothar Sittig / Nils Passche) (British code-name Shrapnel)             6A (6a).

15.3.43.    Note by Major Luke on the Trompke (= German Ambassador in Lourenco Marques) Organisation.            7A (7a).

16.3.43.    Extract from S.I.S. on German Espionage in the Union (= South Africa) (and P.E.A. (= Portuguese East Africa)    

18.3.43.    Copy of Minute from B.1.b. to A.D.B.1 (= D.G. White of M.I.5?) relating to Van Rensburg.            9A  (9a).

31.3.43.    Copy of letter from Dominions Office to Colonel Vivian (= S.I.S. / M.I.6) regarding Van Rensburg.            11A  (11a).

.    .    .

KV 2/907-1, page 6b

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Minute Sheet

17.7.43.    Scramble of B.J. (= blue jacket; this was a particular folder - that only was accessible by special authorised personnel) 119809 regarding sent by Felix (= Settig)            23A (23a).

14.8.43.    Extract from PF 65657 Trompke (= German Ambassador in Lourenco Marques in Portuguese East Africa) re S.I.S. Cover name for van Rensburg.            24A (24a).

1.9.43        Extract from S.I.S. Report - Addendum to Axis espionage in the Union (S.A.) and P.E.A. (= Portuguese East Africa) April - July 1943.            25A (25a).

20.10.43.   Extract from S.I.S. Report - Second Addendum on Axis Espionage in the Union (S.A.) and P.E.A. - 15th October 1943.            26A (26a).

21.10.43.   Note on Axis (AOB: = actually incorporating: Germany, the remaining Mussolini Italy and formally also Japan) in the Union of South Africa.            27A  (27a).

26.10.43.   Copy of paraphrase version of telegram from Pretoria, forwarded by S.I.S.            28A (28a).

31.10.43.   Copy of telegram from S.I.S./Lourenco Marques re van Rensburg.            28b.

2.11.43.     Copy of Telegram from Major Ryde (AOB: whom was, by the way entirely in vain, DFing on the W/T signals sent from Rensburg's farm and other hiding places towards Germany), Pretoria, regarding information to be given to Field Marshal Smuts (the latter was the South African President).            29A (29a).                      

2.11.43.     From S.I.S. to B.1.b. (= an office at M.I.5 in London) forwarding information received from Pretoria, regarding van Rensburg Deputy, H.J.H. Andresen.        30A (30a).

3.11.43.    B.1.b. Note on Axis Espionage in the Union of South Africa.            31A  (31a).

4.11.43.    Minute from D.G. (= Dick Goldschmith White at M.I.5) to D.D.B. (AOB: quite curious - as sometimes D.D.B. is also pointing at Dick G. White; maybe in another function) regarding an interview with Field Marshal Smuts (AOB: The South African President and his visit to England. The background was that South African's stand was sometimes opposing British imaginations. Smuts being a 'Boer' versus their former enemy Britain; some decades earlier)      32A (32a).

4.11.43.    Copy of telegram to Major Ryde, giving information re meeting with Field Marshal Smuts.        32B (32b).

KV 2/907-1, page 7c

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4.11.43.    From D.D.B. (likely Dick G. White, M.I.5.) to S.I.S. regarding the results of the meeting with Field Marshal Smuts.            33A  (33a).

4.11.43.    Telegram to S.I.S. Lourenco Marques re van Rensburg.            33b.

5.11.43.    From S.I.S. to B.1.b. (section of M.I.5) re Masser (KV 2/942 .. KV 2/944;PF106140)  34A  (34a).

5.11.43.    Minute from D.B. (maybe Dick White?) to B.1.b. (= section of M.I.5) regarding German Espionage in the (South African) Union.            35A  (35a).

6.11.43.    Note by B.1.b. regarding van Rensburg.        36A  (36a).

6.11.43.    Note from B.1.b. regarding on van Rensburg and Leibrandt. (KV 2/924 .. KV 2/925; PF 63905)        37A  (37a).

7.11.43.    Extract from Minute to B.1.b. regarding re Elfrink's contacts in the Union and PEA (= Portuguese East Africa)        38z.

14.11.43.  Copy of inter-S.I.S. telegrams rd van Rensburg        38a.

19.11.43.  Copy of statement by Elferink (Elfrink) re van Rensburg.        38b

28.11.43    Extract from S.I.S. letter CX/(typically S.I.S. practice making their file numbers unreadable) Andresen's contacts    39A  (39a).,

28.11.43.   Copy of letter from S.I.S. re Elferink.                39b.

16.12.43.    Letter from S.I.S. to B.1.b. relating to Union escapes, their whereabouts and contacts.     40A  (40a).

2.1.44.        From S.I.S. to B.1.b. regarding Andre4sen and van Rensburg.        41A  (41a).

3.1.44.        From B.1.b. to S.I.S. in reply to 41a.        42A  (42a).

4.1.44.        Copy of Telegram from Major Ryde, Pretoria.        43A  (43a).

4.1.44.        Copy of letter from Major Ryde, Pretoria regarding arrangements for D. Fing.        43B    (43b).

5.1.44.        Copy of Telegram from Major Ryde, Pretoria regarding Paasche's (Niels Olaf) (S.I.S code-name Pedant)  W/T operations.    44A   (44a).

KV 2/907-1, page 8d

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8.1.44.      Copy of Telegram from Major Ryde, Pretoria, referring to 44a        45a.

9.1.44.      From S.I.S. to B.1.b. regarding (Herbert) Wild (probably killed in conjunction with Rooseboom), van Rensburg etc.     46a.

12.1.44.    From B.1.b. to S.I.S. regarding information received from Major Ryde, regarding location of Paasche's W/T set etc:      47a.

14.1.44.    Copy of telegram from Major Ryde, Pretoria referring to his interview with (AOB: name kept invisible a typical practice of S.I.S.)  48a.

18.1.44.    From B.1.b. to S.I.S. referring to 48a.        49a.

25.1.44.    From Pretoria, Extract from letter dated 4th Jan (1944) : re the case of name deleted mentioning von Rendsburg van Rensburg.        50a.

13.3.44.    From Pretoria giving information re Vacuum's farm (= van Rensburg).        51a

                    Copy of Minute in 399 in PF 65657 Trompke Paul (AOB: = The German Ambassador in Lourenco Marques, in Portuguese East Africa now known as Mozambique) Minute 52↓

D.G. (= Dick G. White at M.I.5).

            You will be very interested to see telegrams at -& 51a.

I think we should be aware of being too jubilant however about disclosures for they have yet to be proved accurate, though we have a certain amount of WW material to corroborate statements in paras 1a, 1b

KV 2/907-1, page 9e                                                                       

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cont.

            The vital fact that Sittig is on van Rensburg's farm is, of course, new. Smut's (South African President) decision not to arrest him as long as he is there seems a surprisingly weak one, but is no doubt due to political considerations of which he must be allowed to be the best judge.

            The present position seems to me very precarious- has partially confessed but remains a large-nearly all the principal conspirators appear to be aware that the Government has knowledge of their activities  ?? de Villiers seems incapable of conducting a secure investigation.

            I suggest, if you agree, that we reply to Ryde saying that as so much has now come out, the faster the whole matter can be brought to a climax the better & reminding him that, if Paasche & Sittig are successfully arrested, we should like to take custody of the bodies as previously arranged with Forsyth.  (AOB: they weren't aware - that Britain's interest was not similar to South African 'Boer' animosities)

            As regards paras 2.3 & 4 of 396a (??), presumably S.I.S. will now have consulted, though obviously Ryde cannot leave until the present emergency has passed.

            D.D.B.   14.3.44.

13.3.44.    From Major Ryde, Pretoria reference 51a            53a.

17.3.44.    From Major Ryde Pretoria, Telegram mentioning Rendsburg Rensburg.            54a

18.3.44.    Copy of Letter to S.I.S. re the following developments in the Felix (= Sittig) case.        55a.

23.3.44.    Copy of telegram from Pretoria.            55b.

27.3.44.    From Pretoria re memorandum of visit by member of American Consulate to van Rendsburg Rensburg.      56a.

28.3.44.    Copy of a telegram from Pretoria.            56b. 

30.3.44.    Extract from Andressen's ? affidavits  re Rendsburg Rensburg.        57a.

KV 2/907-1, page 10f

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3.4.44.    Photostat of report from Major Ryde, Pretoria attaching statement of Roosenboom (= KV 2/941; PF66179).            58a.

3.4.44.    Copy of S.I.S. Letter re Rensburg.            58b.

5.4.44.    Copy of S.I.S. letter re Rensburg.              58c.

7.4.44.    Copy of letter to S.I.S.                                59a.

14.4.44.  Extract from a report on the Afrikaner Broeder Bond mentioning van Rensburg.            60a.

4.5.44.    Cable from S.O.I. Capetown requesting information re Pirow (= KV 2/908; PF66920) (Dr. Oswald Pirow, also Minister of Justice of SA) & Rensburg.   60b.

18.5.44.  Cable to S.O.I  Capetown in reply to 60b.            60c.

25.5.44.  Extract re van Rensburg from Third Report on German Espionage in  the Union (S.A.)        61a.

15.8.44.  Report on van Rensburg interview with U.S. Observer in South Africa forwarded by N.I.D.         62a.

17.8.44.  To N.I.D. acknowledging report at at 62a.            63a.

11?9.44.  Copy of information from BJ (= Blue jacket, a special folder, only accessible for special authorised servants) 135893.        64a.

12.9.44.  Copy of letter to S.I.S. re BJ as at 64a.            65a.

KV 2/907-1, page 11g

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13.9.44.    Copy of letter from S.I.S. in reply to 65a.            66a.

19.5.45.    To S.I.S. re possibility of obtaining information re Rensburg and other from Trompke* was the German Ambassador in Lourenco Marques, Werz acted as a kind of deputy)  67a.

25.5.45.    From S.I.S. in reply to 67a.                    68a.

3.9.45.      From South African Police re Pirow and van Rensburg.        69a.

4.9.45.      Minute from O.C. to B.1.b. (an office at M.I.5 in London) Mr. Noble re letter at 69a.

5.9.45.      To Brigadier Palmer, Pretoria, in reply to 69a.        71a.

10.9.45.    Extract from Camp 020 Progress report on Kraizizek (KV 2/2638 - KV 2/2639; PF 66174) re Rensburg.                72a.

13.9.45.    Extract from Camp 020 report on Kraizizek re Rensburg.        73a.

26.10.45.  Extract from Camp 020 Report on Masser (Hans Herbert) (KV 2/942 ... KV 2/944; PF 106140) (https://www.cdvandt.org/KV-2-2639-Kraizizek%20OB-SA-modi.pdf) re Rensburg.    74a.

*    AOB: Trompke, had been interrogated in Germany after the end of the war, and gave an address somewhere in Germany. It proved however, that he disappeared. In my perception, he returned to Asia or Latin America, where he had been formerly stationed before the war started. Lourenco Marques, actually, was a position not his choice but was due to the wartime circumstances.

 

(2 (since 21 June 2024)

KV 2/907-1, page 13   (minute 79a)

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AOB: We are dealing with history, and I do not want myself to be compromised in such an ideological context!

Extract

Extract for File No :  PF 66175                                                                                                        Name van Rensburg

    Final in File No: SF 96/Brit/29(2) (these file types do often no-longer exist)                        .....                Receipt Date 16.7.1948

        Original from: Internal (or International?) letter

        Extracted on: 6.8.1948            .    .   

Extract from internal letter from Frederick S. Annadale, 69 Fourth Street, Baksburg-North, Transvaal, South Africa, to Sir Oswald Mosley (AOB: the British B.U.F. (British Union of Fascist) leader in England; whom was, together with 'Lady' Mosley interned, thus kept in captivity during the wartime days.) (KV 2/884 ... KV 2/896; PF 48909), mentioning van Rensburg.

I am just a young South African who have been studying the Jew and all his activities, as a Greyshirt who is trying his best for this country I am writing this letter to you.

.    .    .

            Our Leader Mr. Weighardt whent to Mr. Pirow (once Justice Minister of the South African Union (KV 2/908; PF 66920) and to Dr. van Rensburg, the leader of the "Ossewa-Branchuag (?) (Brandwag)" to ask them to come together as to form a block of National Socialist in the (South African) Union.

            Dr. van Rensburg's reply was, that he would not even consider such a step before the Greyshirts have done away with a sertain (certain) Pamphlet dealing with the "O.B."

KV 2/907-1, page 14  (minute 78a) AOB: please notice that the KV 2/xxx serials, nearly always, are running in an inversed order; thus with up-going PDF page numbers you are going backwards in time.

                                                                                                                                        Crown Copyright

Extract

Extract for File No :    PF 66175                                                                                                    Name : von (van) Rensburg

Original in File No : PF 95699  (Reference no longer existing)

            Original from Internal letter             .    .    .                                                            Dated 5.6.1948

 

Extract from International?  letter

            Extract from International (incepted by British censorship) letter from Ray K. Rudman, Posbus (mailbox) 497, Pietermaritzburg S.A. to A.S. Leese, Esq. M.R.C.V.S., 20 Pewley Hill, Guildford, Surrey, mentioning von (van) Rensburg.

.    .    .

re Shapirow (Pirow?),    He is now connected with OB-v.Rensburg in a newspaper-printing business-one at Pretoria and the other at Pietersburg.Tvl. (Transvaal?). van Rensburg's Supreme Council has now admitted that they are not Anti-Jew and Nationalists ! Pirow is "sq" and so is van Rensburg and both are BB (Ossewa-Brandwag) as well ... nuf sed. (?) The "Axis" (?) of HNP (?), Afrikander Pty (Party?) (Havenga) O.B. & Pirowhites are therefore now in the Government actually, for Havenga brought in the Afrikaner Pty (Party?), O.B. whilst the HNP brought in the "S.A. Workers Party" (Weichardites)!

(AOB: Some is for me personally 'abracadabra'; sad is, however, that they do not provide when these letters actually had been intercepted)  

KV 2/907-1, page 17   (minute 76a)

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Extract

Extract for File No : PF 66175                                                                                                    Name von van Rensburg

Original in File Fike No. PF 603076  Loos  (file no longer existingDated:    30.1.46.

Original from:  USFET, CI Interrogation Report on Loos.        Ref: CI-FIR/72 dd. 22.1.46

Leibrandt's (= KV 2/924 - KV 2/925; PF 63905) activities (Abwehr II in South Africa) soon became notorious (AOB: after his coming ashore brought by the Kyloe in April 1941) that a price of 10,000 (SA pounds?) was placed on his head.  Eluding the authorities for a long time with the aid of some Boer policemen, he was finally turned in by a German national, von van Rensburg (AOB: baloney! van Rensburg was South Afriaans), who collected the reward. Van Rensburg, apparently a double agent, was said to be in touch with the German Foreign Service and also worked for the South African Government. (1942).(AOB: do we encounter here a qualified British Crown Servant?)

KV 2/907-1, page 19a

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Camp 020 (England) Interim Report.

    Name:    Werz                                                                                                Christian Name: Luitpold

        Alias:    -

    Date and Place of Birth:                                                                                9.9.1907, Berne (Bern), Switzerland.

    Nationality:                                                                                                    German.

    Occupation:                                                                                                    Diplomatic Service (Consul).

    Date of Arrival at Camp 020:                                                                        9.9.45

    Last Permanent Address:                                                                              Seefeld, Bavaria.

.    .    .

    Languages:                                                                                                     German, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Afrikaans (slight).

    Father:                                                                                                             Luitpold Werz (deceased).

    Mother:                                                                                                            Getrud (nè Hahn), living at Seefeld, Bavaria.

    Sisiters:                                                                                                            Getrud Lenz, living at Seefeld, Bavaria, aged 35.

                                                                                                                              Elisabeth Werz, living at Weirnherdorf, nr. Attenkirchen, Freising, aged 26.

    Finacée:                                                                                                            Maria de Lourdes da Sousa Costa (Swiss born Portuguese, divorced from a Swiss), living at Rua Mastro des Sinair 6, Lourenco Marques.

    Official Documents:                                                                                        German Diplomatic Passport Nr. 563  issued Berlin 1.7.35.

                                                                                                                              Foreign Office Ausweis Nr. 4 388, valid year 1945.

KV 2/907-1, page 20a

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AOB: Werz was the spill of German Espionage on the South African Continent, and most contacts with South Africans went via Werz. When we notice Lourenco Marques, think then mainly of the German Consul Werz being implicated.

 

Report.

                    Introduction.

                        Luitpold Werz, aged 38, of German nationality, was arrested by the American Army on 18th July, 1945. (AOB: in Bavaria, which was occupied by US troops?)

9.9.1907.        Borne in Berne (Bern), Switzerland. Father, Luitpold Werz, deceased in 1941, belonged to staff of Bavarian Legation in Berne (Bern).       

                       Werz attended preparatory schools and finished his studies at St. Gall (Sankt Gallen), where his father had been transferred as Chancellor of the German Consulate.

1927              Studies law and economics at Geneva with the intention of entering the Diplomatic Service.

1928-1932    Studied law and economics at Berlin University.  Went to Munich (München) to take his examinations. Entered Bavarian Justice and Administration Service whilst working for financial examinations.    Worked at different tribunals in Munich (München) and Neurnberg - at the Police and City Council.   In 1932 he obtained Degree of Doctor of Law at Erlangen University, Bavaria.    Afterwards he joined the Auswärtiges Amt and worked on South African affairs.

1934              Transferred to Consulate General (General-Konsulat) in Barcelona.    Joined, in Barcelona, the Nazi Party, a step necessary to the furtherance of his career.    He belonged to the Rechtverwahrer Bund, which he left in 1936, and the N.S.V. (? Studenten Verein?); but not the S.A. or S.S.

1935             Returned to Berlin for further study in politics, history and economics, afterwards passing final diplomatic examination. Following this, Werz want to Sidney, Australia, and later was transferred to Pretoria, South Africa.

                    In Pretoria Werz worked under Wiehl, doing normal Consular duties.

                    Lourenco Marques.

1939.          Appointment as Legation Secretary.

Sept.15 approx.

                 On the outbreak of war, Werz, together with the staff from Pretoria, was provided with a safe conduct to return to Europe on a Dutch boat (The Netherlands was by then still neutral).    On his reaching Lourenco Marques, the German Minister Leitner, received a telegram from Berlin ordering both Werz and the Secretary Pasche (Paasche), Ernst, to remain there, as they were short of staff.    Werz was vet anxious to return to Germany and suggested that a certain Stiller, who wished to remain in Lourenco Marques, should take his place.

KV 2/907-1, page 21b

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            Appointment as Legation Secretary (continued)

                At first the Portuguese Governor-General, Nunes de Oliveira, categorically refused to give his account to Werz staying: but was persuaded to change his mind by the German Minister, Werz was thereupon appointed Legation Secretary, taking up his appointment almost immediately.    Trompke was in charge, and was? later given the title of Consul General (the Consulate having been changed into a Consulate General to put it on equal terms with the British, South African Consulates) and Werz was then made Consul.

                Collection of Information.

                    Werz states that there was not much to do at the Consulate, where he attended for about three hours a day, occupying himself mainly with South African affairs,, reporting on political and economic news.    About this time the Auswärtiges Amt (German Foreign Office) in Berlin asked for any news which could be obtained on South Africa;  the Germans had started a broadcast in Afrikaans and were anxious to obtain material.    Werz thereupon studied most of the Union papers such as the "Star", "Cape Argue", "Cape Times" and "Rand Daily Mail",  etc., including opposition papers.   From these he made reports, which were sent by telegram to the Foreign Office.    In addition, the Foreign Office requested information on shipping movements (these requests were sent by telegram) asking for the number of ships coming into the port, their names whenever possible, their cargo, tonnage, destination and any other information which might be considered of interest.

                    In the course of time Werz was obliged to call in assistance, especially in listening to broadcasts from the (South African) Union.    Werz claims, as he does throughout, that he is unable to give any dates; but the following helped him, in this order:-

                    1.    Paasche, Nils            -    Listening in to Afrikaans broadcasts.

                    2.    Xuellner? Alois        -    Took over from Paasche (info likely in Sittig's file alias Felix (KV 2/939; PF 66173)

                    3.    Tiele-Winkler von   -    Some time later (probably 1942, He listened in to English and American broadcasts.

                    4.    Mutius von               -    Tried to listen to communications from the German High Command, It had been agreed with the Italian Minister that it would be good propaganda to publish these in

                                                                  the Lourenco Marques Guardian.

                Werz listened in as often as he could.    This he did at his home, and he afterwards sent his own comments and suggestions to the Foreign Office. 

KV 2/907-1, page 22d

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            Sittig, Lothar @ Felix,    Mayer, Andressen?.  

                Sittig (KV 2/939; PF 66173) (https://www.cdvandt.org/felix-sittig-tx-sa.htm), a farmer by trade, by changing his name and noting as a lift-boy in Cape Town on the outbreak of war, had managed to get out of the Union together with Paasche, with the intention of getting back to Germany. On arrival at Lourenco Marques, however, they found that there was no possibility of doing so. As stated above, Paasche was at first used for listening to the broadcasts in Afrikaans, whilst Sittig did nothing. Shortly after their arrival a man named Andresen, who claimed that he had been a Major in the Ossewa-Brandwag Stormjagers      de (https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ossewabrandwag)     en   (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ossewabrandwag),  also arrived in Lourenco Marques, and asked the Consulate for permission to return to South Africa and set up a W/T station, from which he hoped to transmit news to Germany or Lourenco Marques.

                Andresen claimed that he had many contacts in South Africa, including van Rensburg.    Another reason why Andresen wished to return to South Africa was that he wished to get back to a woman friend of his, who had accompanied him to Lourenco Marques, but had been sent back by the Portuguese authorities because of her Union nationality. Werz did not consider Andresen a suitable person to send to the Union, even had he considered the scheme.    He therefore refused, but forwarded some ??composed by Andresen, which he thought might forwarded some music composed by Andresen, which he thought might be be useful for broadcasts, as the Germans were short of material for their propaganda programme.    This music was actually broadcast.

                So keen was Andresen, however, on this scheme, that he started discussing it with Sittig, and the two men presented their plans once more to Werz.    With the restraining influence of Sittig, the whole idea sounded more reasonable, but Werz again refused as he believed that, after a majority had voted for war against Germany, no amount of propaganda or infiltration of agents would do any good.

                Following this, Andresen resigned himself to the situation, and confined attention to his compositions. After Stalingrad, he carried out a volte-fact? and composed some music for the Americans, by whom he was well-paid.

                Decision to send Sittig to South Africa.

                Sittig, however, was not so easily out off, and continued his attempts to persuade Werz to send him to South Africa.    He quarrelled with Andresen, and suggested he should work in conjunction with Paasche.    Werz persisted with his refusals until orders came through from Berlin (AOB: van Rensburg had already contact with Berlin by means of another communication channel), demanding more information on the Union (South Africa).    At this juncture Werz thought he was perhaps wrong in stopping an undertaking which might be of use? to Germany.  He therefore asked Berlin (AOB: Werz himself communicated with Germany by means of Portuguese channels, which were 'read' by G.C.& H.Q.') for instructions, and was told that it was in order to sent Sittig to the Union.

                Instructions to Sittig.

                Sittig's route to the Union (the ?? as that later given to Paasche) was to breach? off to the left from the main Lourenco Marques road and enter the bush? for a short time, until the river forming the boundary between Portuguese East Africa and South Africa was reached.    On the other side of the river he was to make his own way and attempt to contact van Rensburg.    In South Africa, Sittig was to to act solely in the capacity of a reporter, and met to get mixed up with any groups or parties.    Moreover,  he would have to make his own contacts to obtain a transmitter and crystals.  (https://www.cdvandt.org/felix-sittig-tx-sa.htm)

KV 2/907-1, page 23e

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                Instruction to Sittig (Cont.)

                If possible, he was to join forces with van Rensburg, but if this failed, to get assistance from elsewhere, e.g. from the Greyshirts or other Nationalist movements.    It proved eventually, however, that Sittig did not get involved with the Ossewa-Brandwag.

                Until such time as Sittig could get a strong enough transmitter to broadcast to Berlin, he was to contact Lourenco Marques.    From there, Werz was to cable the information to Berlin through official (Portuguese controlled; which were read by British G.C.& H.Q.) channels.    Sittig was told that all orders to him would come direct from Berlin.    For this purpose, it was pre-arranged that Sittig was to listen in at fixed times to German broadcast, at the end of which times Berlin would send him information, in the same code which he was to use in transmitting to Lourenco Marques. (AOB: Such a program was: Kamaradschaftdienstmarine, which transmitted (for example by the Foreign Office on various frequencies and times of the day) also messages for German Naval personnel stuck somewhere in the World. In the case of Franz Mayr there existed quite elaborate coding techniques) Werz is unable too state what arrangements were later made between Berlin and Sittig, as it was done without knowledge of Lourenco Marques.

                For this work Sittig was not paid anything beyond a few Union Pounds fro travelling expenses to the Union, it being agreed that he should find of subsistence within the Union. (AOB: he managed quite well) Werz never saw Sittig again after his departure, and some time later, after the cessation of the broadcasts, it was rumoured that he had been arrested. Sittig had no training in Lourence Marques for the work, but told Werz that he had had some previous training - where, Werz claims he is unable to say.

                Transmission of reports by Sittig

                It was not known beforehand where Sittig would install his W/T set, but later it was believed that it had been placed in van Rensburg's farm.    Later, Kraizizek (KV 2/2638 - KV 2/2639; PF 66174) confirmed this personally to Werz. (AOB: By the way: the latter Kraizizek files paint a very interesting story, in the big struggle Major Ryde encountered in DFing on Sittig's transmitter signal to a very great extend - in vain as well!)    A simple code was arranged between Sittig and Paasche (who remained behind in Lourenco Marques, as Werz thought it too dangerous to risk the life of more than one man) based on Edition 38 of the Morse Code, an ordinary German commercial code obtained from German or Afrikaander bookshops in the Union.    To show that he had arrived safely, Sittig was to put a notice in the (S.A. Newspaper) the "Star" to the effect that a dog had been found.    When he was ready to commence his transmissions, he was to put a notice in the 'deceased' column of the "Sunday Express".  About two months passed before this notice appeared, the reason being that that Sittig had been arrested and interned, but later managed to escape. (AOB: as Kraizizek commenced escapes several times as well)

                The notice duly appeared, mentioning times of transmission,  dates, etc,  and Sittig also informed Werz that he had contacted van Rensburg.    This information Werz passed on to Berlin, also sending the code in which Sittig was working.

                Sittig later stated that he was trying to make direct contact with Berlin, and gave the ours of transmission and wave-lengths, which Werz again passed on to Berlin by telegram.    At this point, Berlin said that the code was no good as, for a time, until they quarrelled.    The latter information had also been reported to Sittig.

KV 2/907-1, page 24f

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                Transmission of reports by Sittig (Contd.)

                When the transmissions actually commenced, they were very poor.    Receiving was done on an ordinary (broadcast?) set (AOB: this would imply, when true, that the German Berlin station transmitted by means of mode A 2; which is tone modulated morse code signals, and it was practically impossible to get anything.)    It was, therefore arranged through the Italian Consulate that the "Gerusalo??e",  an Italian ship (AOB: once stuck in the harbour of Lourenco Marques authorities and which was confiscated, but kept its regular crew onboard the ship; but was not allowed to operate his wireless equipment)   Assistance was given in receiving by Glu?ini (he also worked in the Italian Stefani (Press) Agency, later taken over by the Germans. (AOB: the latter circumstance might have been connected with the Italians going over to the Allied side. Hitler responded swiftly, and occupied Italy to a great extend and also the initiation of Mussolini Fascist State) and two operators working on board. The results were, however, still poor, so the Consulate communicated with Berlin by  (mail) telegram (transmitting from the Italian cargo ship was prohibited by the Portuguese authorities)  so the Consulate  communicated with Berlin by (mail) telegram, asking Berlin to get in touch with Sittig by means of a pre-arranged code, to inform Sittig of the fact, and suggest he should change the times of transmission. (AOB: the reason might have been: that the wireless propagation following certain rules as sun-set and dawn periods)  This code message was sent at night, after "Die Heimat Grüsst" (broadcast) programme from (broadcast station) Zeesen, this being the normal method by which communication were sent to Sittig. (AOB: one could on the receiving side in S.A. operating a simple broadcast receiver possessing short-wave reception)

                Before broadcasts came regularly from Sittig, some weeks elapsed; but eventually they came through about once a week.    Information was at first chiefly concerned with technical reports on transmissions, but later, news came through on military matters, shipping, and general conditions in the Union. These transmissions continued for about two to three months to Lourenco Marques.

                Departure of Paasche.

                During this time, Paasche ??? went out to join Sittig, who was in need of assistance.    Werz had refused for a long time to sent him ?? but there had been trouble between Rooseboom (KV 2/941; PF 66179) and Sittig, so Werz agreed, following official blessing from Berlin.

                As transmissions got better, Sittig first asked whether he could cooperate with Rooseboom, Werz relayed this to Berlin, advised Sittig against it, and later told Sittig to denies?? Rooseboom altogether.    Sittig was, however, anxious for assistance, and ??? Paasche could join him.    Werz refused, as he did not wish to risk ?? another man.    Sittig then asked if he could use Maser (KV 2/942 ... KV 2/944; PF 106140 (AOB: the latter number implies that Hans Herbert Maser had been a long time under consideration at M.I.5) , but Werz was advised through Berlin that Maser was unreliable, and refused this request too. Werz then let Paasche, go, as stated above.

(3  (since 4 June 2024)

                Sittig transmitted instructions regarding the route of Paasche was to take, which was the same as Sittig had taken on his way out. By this means Paasche would be able to find him.    Should this fail, Paasche was to gr? on to Dr. van der Merwe.    Werz denies that he ever met this man, but believes that Sittig and Paasche discussed van der Merwe before Sittig left.

                Paasche left Lourenco Marques a few months after Sittig's departure    He took with him a new code, which he memorised, and instructions concerning schedule times.

                Nature of Traffic.

                Before leaving Lourenco Marques, it was arranged with Sittig that he was to send information on all points which Werz would not pick up in Lourenco Marques from the newspapers, i.e., political and economic news, as far as was possible, and military information such as troop movements, etc. Werz can only remember definitely that Sittig mentioned a large concentration of South Africans troops on the frontier near Portuguese East Africa.    It is possible that Sittig also spoke once of a convey of troops going to the Far East.

KV 2/907-1, page 25g

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Then, when it was possible to get Afrikaans newspapers in Lourenco Marques, Werz enquired for information on the Ossewa Brandwag.    Werz claim he does not know what further information Sittig sent to Berlin after they were working in direct communication.

                Werz can remember that Sittig mentioned his difficulties with Rooseboom (KV 2/941; PF66179). He had asked if Rooseboom could collaborate with him, but later said that this was impossible as Rooseboom did not wish to.    Rooseboom also got into trouble with the Ossewa-Brandwag and Berlin, through German broadcasts, not through Werz, instructed Sittig to dismiss Rooseboom.

                Requests for assistance, i.e., for Masser and Paasche, also came through W/T.    Again, after the arrival of Kraizizek (KV 2/2638 - KV 2/2639; PF 66174), who informed him of Masser's impending arrival in Lourenco Marques, Werz sent a message to Sittig asking him if he could somehow contact Masser and prevent his departure.    However, this was impossible.

                From Kraizizek also Werz learnt that Masser had a plan to set a strong transmitter for sending information to Germany.    This transmitter was in the possession of a man named Wilde+ (usually referred to as Wild, Herbert)  and was somewhere between Pretoria and Johannesburg.    This information Werz passed on to Sittig, as he did not want a rival station set up, when he considered that Sittig's was quite strong enough for the purpose.

                Werz did not trust Masser.    The reason for this distrust was that articles had been written about Masser in the papers in Southern Natal's notebook, for which he had stood trial.    In addition, Werz learnt from Kraizizek that Masser had become engaged in the quarrel between Sittig and Rooseboom.    The reason is unknown to Werz, who believed it was due to Rooseboom's having quarrelled with the Ossewa-Brandwag.

                Second change of Code.

                After a while, Berlin sent out by telegram a new code, which Werz kept for a while in Lourenco Marques.   He took the opportunity of sending this on to Sittig via Elfrink (see below) on the latter's second visit, with instructions that it should be handed to van Rensburg.

                Elferink @  Hamlet   (AOB: I do not know what goes wrong - but we possess: on Elfrink (KV 2/202; PF 65880 and the Hamlet case: KV 2/325; PF 63755. The two different PF serials may well point at the very fact that we deal with two different individuals)

                Werz is unable to provide a date, but states that not long after Sittig's departure, a telegram couched in cautions term was received at the (German) Consulate from the Foreign Office (Auswärtiges Amt), informing that a man named Elferink (Elfrink) would shortly be arriving in Lourenco Marques, and that he had a mission to carry out in the Union.    Elferink (Elfrink) duly arrived with his (S.A.) wife, on a Dutch passport, and gave to Trompke (the German Minister/Ambassador) (KV 2/757 ... KV2/768; PF 65657) as a password the name "Hamlet".  Werz claims, and has maintained throughout, that he never learnt the nature of Elferink's (Elfrink's) mission.    On his second visit to Lourneco Marques, which was also the last, Elferink (Elfrink) told Werz that he was worried in case leibrandt had compromised him, as his photograph which was to be used for identification purposes, was in Leibrandt's possession on his arrest.    From this, Werz surmised? that Elferink (Elfrink) was to contact Leibrandt on his first visit to the Union.

+ Identical with Wild or Wilde referred to in reports on Masser and Kraizizek.  

KV 2/907-1, page 25h

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                Because of mention being made in the South African Press, Werz made enquiries of Berlin concerning Leibrandt, and was told that he was a German agent who had been sent out by submarine. (AOB: nonsense! Leibrandt and Scharf arrive in June 1941 at a South African/Namibia coast with the sail ship Kyloe) (Leibrandt: KV 2/924 - KV 2/925; PF 63905 and Scharf (Kyloe) KV 2/207 .. KV 2/209; PF 600000) He considers it likely that Elferink (Elfrink) had been asked by Sittig to find a suitable place for a submarine to land some transmitter for him, Sittig - possibly Lambert's Bay - and to return with industrial diamonds and an Afrikaner for broadcasts to the Union from Germany.    This request was subsequently made to Berlin by Sittig.    Werz heard nothing further about this matter.

                As far as Werz knows, Elferink was working for the Auswärtiges Amt.    On Elferink's (Elfrink's) arrival Werz arranged for a message to be broadcast mentioning the word 'bloodhound', to give notice of this.    Instructions for doing so were sent by Werz to the Auswärtiges Amt (code name Auswertig) (this may be simply considered being an abridgment and not as a particular code word).  

                Since Elferink (Elfrink) was a paid agent and a Dutchman, neither Werz nor Trompke trusted him.    Werz only saw him twice on his first visit, as Elfrerink (Elfrink) paid a few visits to Trompke by night.    No mention was made to Elferink (Elfrink)  of Sittig by either Trompke or Werz, because this distrust.

                Second visit.

                On his second visit to Lourenco Marques, some six months later,  Elferink (Elfrink) only brought some unimportant news, which Werz already knew by reading the (S.A.) Union newspapers.    He also brought a pamphlet showing the programme of the Ossewa-Brandwag, which Werz sent to Berlin smuggled on a Portuguese boat.    He also had with him a Leica film, which, as far as Werz can remember, contained only a repetition of the news which Sittig had broadcast, at greater length and, sine reception was frequently bad, Sittig had apparently seen fit to confirm some of it.    This Werz forwarded to Kempke, Counsellor at the German Embassy in Madrid (AOB: by then the Embassy and all K.O. Spain offices were situated adjacent to one another).     Werz does not believe that any articles by Elferink (Elfrink) were forwarded by Trompke, and doubts whether Trompke would have acted in anything without having let him know.  

                On his first or second visit to Lourenco Marques, Werz cannot remember which, Elfering (Elfrink) left a dictionary in Portuguese, saying that if he could not get back to Lourenco Marques he would send a message (means not stated to Werz) in which figures would indicate pages, lines and words in the dictionary.    Werz never heard anything further of this proposal.

                Elferink (Elfrink) also said that he was in a position of confidence with the Dutch Legation, and spoke of the Dutch Minister, Jonkheer van Lennep.    He intended beginning historical studies in connection with Portuguese East Africa (Now Mozambique), which would give him the excuse of getting down to Lourenco Marques again.  Elferink (Elfrink)  spoke too, of a scientific work of his concerning Erasmus of Rotterdam, Werz got Zimmermann ( a commercial traveller staying at the Cardoza Hotel) to send off a letter, which Werz had drafted, enquiring about these courses, and mentioning something concerning Shakespeare, in which Elferink's (Elfrink's)  alias Hamlet appeared.    The reason Werz did this was because some while had elapsed since he heard from Elferink (Elfrink), and he wondered if he had been caught. The answer received was a normal one, and gave no indication as to whether or not it was from Elferink (Elfrink).

KV 2/907-1, page 27i

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                Elferink's (Elfrink's) payments.

                Elferink (Elfrink) asked for a large sum of money to be paid to him, both on his first and second visits, with which he wished to by a house in South Africa.    Berlin refused this request, but gave instructions to a much smaller sum should be paid to him.    Elferink (Elfrink) was paid a sum of money on his first arrival in Lourenco Marques on order from Berlin (sum forgotten) and thereafter was paid about £100 a month for about six month (this money was probably paid in a lump sum). Payment was made by the Consulate Secretary, Jericho, and it is likely that it was made out under Elferink's (Elfrink's) alias, Hamlet, given him by Berlin.

                Codes.

                First code used by Sittig.

                This code was worked out between Sittig and Paasche and used during the first period of the Sittig transmissions, the decoding being done by Paasche and Kolb (first name Hubert).

                It was based on the Mosse Code Edition 38.    The words in question were looked up in the Mosse? Code and the groups found there, Werz says he believes that they were groups of five letters, then changed into figures.    The figure groups thus arrived at were changed by the addition of several figures which had been combined beforehand.

                Second code.

                The above code was used by Sittig and Rooseboom during the period of their collaboration.    After their quarrel, Sittig asked for a change in the code. This change was carried by Paasche when he joined Sittig in the (S.A.) Union, who took with him other figures, which had to be added to these resulting from the groups in the first code.

                Third code.

                The above two codes had been communicated to the Auswärtiges Amt by telegram so that they could decode the messages from Sittig when it became possible for Germany to receive direct from Sittig.   Later the Auswärtiges Amt informed Werz that the code worked out between Sittig and Paasche was not safe and gave by telegram to Werz a new code, with instructions that this was to be used in the future by Sittig.  This code, too, was based on the Mosse code, but there were further changes in the figure groups.    As Werz did not decode this himself, he claims that he is unable to indicate the method.  He can only remember that arithmetical addition and subtraction came into it, so that when one group was not received clearly the whole message became unintelligible.    The code took a long while to work out.

                As there was no opportunity of getting this through to Sittig, it remained in Lourenco Marques for some while, until the arrival of Elferink (Elfrink), when the Auswärtiges Amt asked whether Werz would give him the new code for delivery in the (S.A.) Union.    Werz had this code put on Leica film and Elferink (Elfrink) took it with him.    He was told to hand it to van Rensburg.    Some while after Elferink's (Elfrink) departure, Sittig began to use this code, and finally continued with it in his transmissions to Berlin.

KV 2/907-1, page 28j

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                Fourth Code.  

                As far as Werz can remember, the first direct transmission to Berlin took place soon after Masser's second arrival in Lourenco Marques in August 1943.    These direct transmissions were also heard and understood in Lourenco Marques for about two or three month. Then the decoding of the message became impossible.    On enquiries from the Auswärtiges Amt considered that information he sent would be of any use for Werz, they promised to forward it. Werz, however, received no information from them.

                Four or five months after this (probably spring or Summer, 1944) Berlin informed Werz that the messages had ceased entirely, and requested Werz to find out what the reason was. Werz was unable to do this and was also unable to pick up any transmissions from Sittig in Lourenco Marques.

                For transmitting text in foreign languages Sittig and Paasche had elaborated a special code in which each single letter was changed following a system which Werz, as usual, cannot remember.    It took a long time and was only used once - for the "Malherbe report" contained in the message brought by Kraizizek.

AOB: for those of whom wish like to read the next few paragraphs are invited to do so yourself.

.    .    .   

KV 2/907-1, page 31k

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                Kraizizek, Walter Paul.  (KV 2/2638 - KV 2/2639; PF 66174)

                Werz first heard from Sittig by broadcast that Kraizizek that Kraizizek was going to Lourenco Marques.    He therefore arranged to meet him at the frontier, whence he went accompanied by Mrs. Pechner and also Alois Mueller (Müller) (this was actually on 23rd May, 1943, though Werz cannot remember the date). Kraizizek did not turn up, so Werz returned to Lourenco Marques, where Kraizizek arrived some days later.

                Kraizizek brought with him two Leica films (these 35 mm Leica film-cassette types, became the common world-standard, up to the digital photo era). from van Rensburg, which were, developed by Gerhard Hansing.    He also brought coded message from Masser, but this was taken away from him by the Portuguese police.    The gist of this code, according to the verbal reports of Kraizizek, was to the effect that Masser wished to establish wireless connection with Germany.    Kraizizek had got entangled in this quarrel between Sittig and Rooseboom due to his friend Masser had a transmitter at his disposal which was owned by Wild.    Werz considered that this transmitter might be useful to Sittig should he be able to persuade (Herbert) Wild to hand it over to him, so he informed Sittig of this through Berlin, though doubtless Sittig must have known of the existence of this set.

            Werz, due to Kraizizek disobeying his orders not to instruct Masser to come to Lourenco Marques, distrusted Kraizizek in the beginning, but later gave him work to do under Kolb (this has been dealt with elsewhere)  though Kraizizek caused further trouble with the Portuguese police by beating up Georg Dedek - a proceeding to which Werz did not give his consent.

                Tellidis Georg Schroeder.

                Some time early in 1940 a Greek named Tellidis called at the Consulate.    It is possible that he first saw Trompke, who had lived for some time in Greece and could speak the language - for this reason he was always anxious to interview any Greeks passing through Lourenco Marques.    At any rate Tellidis eventually saw Werz.    His story was very confused and Werz was only able to gather that he had been sent by someone in the (S.A.) Union whose name was not given. This person was anxious to organise a W/T information service.    Tellidis brought with him a code which was actually a dictionary, by means of which certain figures transmitted would correspond with pages or linea? in the dictionary.    Tellidis mentioned that transmissions were about to start, giving the times and dates.    Werz is not certain whether or not Tellidis left the actual dictionary or whether he gave him the edition and name so that they procure a similar one.

                Tellidis only called once and Werz did not discuss much with him as he was afraid that the man might have been sent as an agent from the (S.A.) Union to find out what the Consulate intended doing.    However, they listened in at the given times, but were unable to pick up anything.    Nothing further was heard of the matter. Werz thinks that Tellidis might possibly have been sent by Rooseboom, for a short time before, a man named Schroeder, who called at Lourenco Marques at the beginning of 1940, had come with a similar mission from Rooseboom, who, he said, was a German agent.    As in the above incident the Consulate was unable to pick up anything.

                Tellidis did not ask for money, but? it is possible that he requested news of his safety to be sent to his family in Greece.    Werz spoke to Trompke about this, but does not remember what transpired.

KV 2/907-1, page 32L

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                Rokkebrandt.    

                Two or three days before the Allied landing on Madagascar, i.e. beginning of May 1942, a strong, well-built Afrikaner arrived at the Consulate in Lourenco Marques to see Werz, stating that he had a message to the effect that an attack on Madagascar was about to be made within a few days.    He also brought with him a small Leica film, but did not mention from whom it came.    Werz, who was always suspicious of people who called on him with missions, did not interrogate him, but after the man had left had the film decoded.    The message of the film merely confirmed what the man had said verbally but as it was written in the code used by Sittig, proof was obtained that the man was genuine.

                Werz passed on this information by telegram to Berlin, but states that it was by then too late for Berlin to do anything.

                This Afrikaander, whose name was Rokkebrandt, had apparently walked a great distance on his way from the (S.A.) Union.    On arrival in Lourenco Marques he was arrested and searched by the Portugues Police.The film was so well hidden that it was not found.    On giving a false German name and stating that he was a German, Rokkebrandt was allowed to go to the German Consulate - the routine procedure with all German refugees.    At the Consulate Rokkebrandt immediately confessed that he was not a German.    Werz never heard of or saw this man again.

                Muellner, Alois (Camp 020 case)  @ Leonidas.

                Additional news to the broadcast from Sittig was brought by Muellner (KV 2/2445; PF 65919), who obtained it from the Greek Bathos, Basil (CO 968/1010).    This news was passed to Werz almost daily by Muellner,     Werz did not regard it as reliable as he would report, for example, that three Allied ships had been sunk near Cape or off the coast of West Africa. Werz considers that Muellner or Bathos was 'sinking' them for the sake of reports.

                During the time of the peak sinkings by submarine, various Allied sailors, mostly Greeks, Norwegians and Dutch, came to the Consulate asking if they could be helped home.    As all their contacts were made out in London and their own country, Werz refused to help them.    These sailors, talked freely about their experience as well the experience of others when they met Germans in restaurants or bars.    From these sources Muellner and Bathos were able to make reports.

                In cables to Berlin Muellner was referred to either as Leo or Leonidas.

                Barbosa, Eduardo.

                Werz claims that his relationship with this man, who was an exaggerated type of Germanophile, were exclusively based on a friendship which arose through Barbosa's friendship with the da Costa family.    Barbosa never worked for Werz.    Eduardo's brother was also slightly known to Werz.

KV 2/907-1, page 33m

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                Barbosa, Eduardo (Contd.)

                The only occasion on which Werz made use of his services was when he intimated that he would like to make the acquaintance of the Police Officer, Henriques, who had come from Lisbon, in order to find out about certificates needed by Germans to leave the town.

                Contacts in Lourenco Marques.

                Portuguese Police.

                Werz claims that he meat members of the Portuguese Police, he never used them in his organisation. The following are the names of those he met or knew about:-

                Martius:    This man first came into contact with Merz when he boarded the train which bore the Consular staff in Garcia in 1939. (AOB: the reason being: - that it is general customary that diplomats getting the chance to return home. So also did the British diplomats, they got the possibility (facility) to return home by train from Berlin via the Netherlands to Great Britain. Even the Japanese diplomats, after the Japanese attacks on Pearl Harbour, they were allowed to pass through Sweden - as to enter Russian territory, and then to return to Japan again)   Later the man sought contact with Werz in the Polano Hotel, but Werz would not see him. Martius also sought the acquaintance of the Consular Secretary, Jericho, but met with a similar refusal.

                Gonsalves, Captain:    Werz only met this man at official functions.    He distrusted him, as he believed Gonsalves was in the pay of the Allies.

                Henriques, Captain:    This man came from Portugal to clear up anti-Salazar (the Portuguese dictator for decades) movements.    When he took his censorship Trompke suggested Werz should meet him, this to be arranged through Barbosa, Eduardom who knew Henriques.    Werz only met him once, as Henriques was suddenly ordered to return to Lisbon.    Henriques had previously been put under temporary arrest by the Portuguese Governor, for accusing Consalves of swindle and theft; because of his unmerited experience, Henriques was rather excited and the discussion which concerned censorship got nowhere.

                Escorzio:                This man was known to Galize, but Werz claims he never met him.

Staff of the German Consulate in Lourenco Marques

Trompke, Paul                      Consul General, Except in unimportant matters Trompke had little to do with Wer's activities/ He was engaged in normal Consular duties.

Werz Luitpold                      Subject of this report. (AOB: albeit that officially it should deal with 'van Rensburg' instead concerning its file title)

Jericho Rolf.                          Financial and administrative matters. Secretary to the Consulate.

Pasche Paasche? Ernst         Assisted Jericho, Before Werz obtained othe assistants, Pasche (Paasche?) listened in to the Zeesen broadcasts (AOB: the transmitter broadcasting on behalf of the German Foreign Office (Das Auswärtige Amt), "Die Heimat Grüsst".

Laudhahne                          An officer from the s.s. "Aller".  He instructed Kolb, Tiele-Winkler, Mueller?? and Frehse in Morse reception, afterwards worked in the coding department until his departure.

KV 2/907-1, page 34n

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Staff of the German Consulate in Lourenco Marques (contd.)

Mueller,    Ferdinand                            Worked for a time on decoding Sittig's telegrams. (AOB: likely sent from van Rensburg's farm, situated in a rather remote area)

Galle,  Walter                                         Decoding

Kolb,  Huebrt                                         Was head of the Press Bureau (DNB?) and controlled the reception of Trans-Ocean news.    Also furnished the communiqués of the German High Command (O.K.W.) to local papers.    Also took part in the reception and decoding of the messages from Sittig.

Tiele-Winkler, Freiherr von Roabi.     Assisted Kolb in the Press Bureau and in the reception and decoding of Sittig's messages.    Reported on American and South African broadcasts.

Kraizizek, Walter (KV 2/2638 - KV 2/2639; PF 66174)    Assistant to Kolb in the Press Section, where he typed.

Eckhardt                                                 An officer from the S.S. "Dortmund".    Reported to the Consulate the names, numbers and cargoes of the ships in the port (= Lourenco Marques).

Mutius, Baron von Christof                  Took part in the observation of shipping.   Was assisted in this by Ludo Ughesto from the Italian Consulate.

Brachmeyer                                            Assisted Gianini in reception of the Trans-Ocean news.    Occasionally helped Kolb in reception of new from Sittig.    By trade a barber (Friseur)

Gianini                                                    Whilst on board the "Gerusaleme" (an interned Italian ship) he was one of the three men who received messages from Sittig.    When not engaged in this he took part in dealing with the Trans-Ocean news.

Zinneberg, Graf von Arco.                   Assisted Mutius.

Mueller Alois.                                        Camp 020 case.    Wrote daily reports about German broadcasts in Afrikaans and Afrikaans reports from the (S.A.) Union.  He also brought shipping news received from Bathos Basil (020 case).     

Frehese,  Werner.                                   Helped occasionally in shipping observation. Was later caretaker of the German Club since he was unable to learn the Morse Code  Later went to the German German emergency schol School?) at Badula.

Paasche Nils                                           During his stay in Lourenco Marques listened to the German broadcasts in Afrikaans. Later received and decoded Sittig's messages.

 

KV 2/907-1, page 35o

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Staff of the German Consulate in Lourenco Marques (Contd.)

Kellermann                                            Concerned with the technical, side of this German broadcasts from Zeesen (broadcastings on behalf of the German Foreign Ministry = Auswärtiges Amt) Also advised as to what material should be broadcast from Zeesen  to the (S.A.) Union.

Toennies,    Gustav                            Assisted German before Diekmann (Dieckmann?).    Had nothing to do with transmissions.

Andresen  Olaf                                  Composed songs for the German broadcasts in Afrikaans.    This music was sent to Germany on Leica films (AOB: The Leica film cassettes contained 35 mm film, and became the world standard up to, say, the 1990s; when digital photographing became common practice)   later, when the war situation became bad for Germany, he wrote a "March of the Liberated Nations" which was bought from him by the Americans and broadcast by them, together with the story of Andresen's  conversations.   

Alvensleben                                       Offered information to the German Consulate which he claimed he got from a friend, the British Consul Muggerdge.    Later, according to Werz, who did not trust him, it became obvious that hem with his Free German Movement (Freies Deutschland?), was working for the British.

Erdemanndorf, Jutta von                 Typist in the Presse Stelle (Büro) before Kraizizek.

Oliveira                                            Translated the communiqués of the German High Command (O.K.W.) from German in into Spanish or Portuguese for publication in the Press.

Schumacher Johanna                      Registar, shorthand-typist.    Was sacked, partially because of Masser's accusation, but really because of an affair she had with a married man.     

Galle Erna                                       Wife of Walter.    Registar and typist.

Hansing Gerhard                            Engaged on photographical work. Developed  the films sent by Kraizizek from Sittig and Andresen's music to Berlin.

Poymanns, Frida                             Shorthand-typist.             

Stoekigt, Siegfried (spelling??)      Caretaker and office boy.

1944                                                 Lisbon, Barcelona and Madrid.

                    October                        Werz left Lourenco Marques on the Portuguese steamer "Quanza" (AOB: think of leaving about October 1944 and it reached likely in November 1944 Lisbon, but was hold-up at Gibraltar, though all German passengers possessed a safe-passage guarantee on behalf of the British Authorities) which was taken into Gibraltar, where Werz was questioned. He refused to divulge anything.    After some days in Lisbon and Barcelona, Werz went on to Madrid, where he was ill for some weeks.  Following this, he flew to Berlin, where he arrived on 24th (Heiligabend) December, 1944.      

.    .    .                        

KV 2/907-1, page 38p

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Conclusion.

                    Werz is an intelligent and well-educated man, who was forced to run a very amateurish espionage organisation on orders from Berlin.    Those he used were also amateurs, without previous training and hardly capable of sending, or even assessing, high class information.    Without doubt Werz who, it would appear, wished solely to make life comfortable for himself and his mistress, took a little interest in possible in the missions on which he sent Sittig and Paaschem regarding any work they sent him through their communications as a hindrance to the pursuit of pleasure. 

                    Considerable difficulty and confusion has been caused throughout Werz's many interrogations (at Camp 020?) due to his claim that he cannot supply dates.    It is, though, totally impossible to accept this claim from a man such as Werz.    Why he claims this is not quite clear, but it is highly probable that in an effort to tone down his activities and fog events, he has deliberately and consistently lied over dates.    There can be little doubt doubt that, even if the information he has actually given is true, he has withheld information, and has only confirmed or admitted events when he feels sure that we already know about them.

 

            Investigated by:                                                                                                       

            Captain Auger  ?                                                                                                                      Lieut-Col.  ??

 

KV 2/907-1, page 39a   (minute 74a)

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Extract

Extract for File No :    PF 66175 (= KV 2/907)                                                                                Name :  van Rensburg              

Original in File No: PF 106140 (Herbert Maser KV 2/942 .. KV 2/944)                            Serial 153a (minute?)

    Original from Camp 020 Interim report on Masser                                                                                Dated 26.10.45

    Extracted 22.11.45                                    By MB            WRH4 (War Room division 4?)

July 1936.    .    .    . Masser went to the South African Legation at Berlin where he was received by a Dr. Gie who introduced him to a certain Van Rensburg (Col.). Van Rensburg, who was apparently in a loquacious mood, told Masser that he had been attending German Army manoeuvres in company with the future Prime Minister of South Africa, General Pirow (= KV 2/908; PF66920).  On hearing Masser wanted to emigrate, van Rensburg, whom Masser had met in Berlin, was the head of this organisation.    Hennig said that he did not know van Rensburg, but that he was going to take shortly to the Orange Free State (Oranje Vrijstaat), where he expected to meet him. ...

Dec. 1940.    .    .    .Masser became friendly with a German named Hermann Hennig , in Bataviaanpoort camp and in Dec. they both succeeded in escaping.  Henning told Masser a certain amount about the Ossewa-Brandwag, mentioning that Dr. van Rensburg (a lawyer), whom Masser had met in Berlin, was the head of this organisation.    Hennig said that he did not know van Rensburg, but that he was going to be taken shortly to the Orange Free State (Oranje Vrijstaat) , where he expected to meet him .    .    .

Jan-Oct '42. .    .    . While Masser was in prison (again?)  he learnt that Leibrandt  (KV 2/924 - KV 2/925; PF 63905) (https://www.cdvandt.org/robey-leibrandt-(sa).htm) wished to unify and control the entire disloyal movement in South Africa, but van Rensburg had not been prepared to surrender control of the Ossewa-Brandwag.

KV 2/907-1, page 40   (minute 73a) (AOB: Please be always aware: that the KV 2/xxxx serials, are with increasing pdf page numbers, running backwards in time)

                                                                                                                                                    Crown Copyright

Extract

Extract from File No :   PF 66175                                                                                                                                    Name von van Rensburg

Original in File No : PF 66174 Kraizizek (KV 2/2638 - KV 2/2639) (https://www.cdvandt.org/KV-2-2639-Kraizizek%20OB-SA-modi.pdf)    Serial 58a (minute?)    Receipt date 13.9.45

Original from:    Camp 020

Extracted on :   28.9.45

Progress Report in the Case of Walter Kraizizek.    13.9.45.

3.    Rooseboom's (KV 2/941; PF 66179)  accusations against van Rensburg.

            According to Kraizizek, Rooseboom based his accusation against van Rensburg on the following evidence:

                    (i)     Van Rensburg's visits to Field Marshal Smuts (A South African "Boer")

                    (ii)    Nearly all the sabotage carried out in South Africa was done by Ossewa-Brandwag men, yet van Rensburg, who was in some cases given away in court by some of his own men, was never arrested.

                    (iii)   During the Leibrandt (https://www.cdvandt.org/robey-leibrandt-(sa).htm) round up, the S.J. (Storm Jagers) was liquidated and most of its leaders were interned, yet van Rensburg, the chief of the S.J., was allowed to carry on his activities.

                    (iv)   All those connected with Leibrandt and sent to South Africa or brought by submarine (AOB: no one was ever brought or were picked up by a German submarine!) were arrested by the police.    Leibrandt had visited van Rensburg several times at his farm.  (van Rensburg spoke to Kraizizek in connection with this, saying that the chief of the C.I.D. had questioned him concerning his visits, but managed to satisfy the police. He was quite pleased what had been summoned to the police, but questioned on his farm.) (AOB: the latter lived for some time at van Rensburg's farm)

                    (v)     A former General of the O.B. (= Ossewa-Brandwag) Johannes van der Wast?,  was mortally wounded by the police whilst attempting to evade arrest.  Before dying he issued an affidavit accusing van Rensburg of being a traitor.

                    (vi)    Everyone in South Africa knew of the transmitting set on von Rensburg's farm (AOB: Kraizizek's file contains an interesting inside vision on which the British, actually secretly, commenced as to catch Sittig's transmitter, but in vain with all effort the British had put in to it!)

 

KV 2/907-1, page 41a     (minute 72a)

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Extract

Extract for File No":  P.F. 66175                                                                                                                        Name :    Rensburg

Original in File No : P.F. 66174  Kraizizek V.1            Serial 56a (Minute?)

            Original from Camp 020

            Extracted on :  20.9.45

            Progress report in the Case of Walter Kraizizek  8.9.45.

.    .    .

1st April.                                                        7.    Visit from Jerling.

            In the evening Jerling arrived at the farm (Herbert Wild's farm) and spoke to Kraizizek of the arguments he had had with van Rensburg, whom he did not trust, concerning his alliance with General Smuts (The South African President in charge).    He warmed up over the Leibrandt case, and openly accused van Rensburg of being a traitor.    Jerling was apparently considering giving up his post as General of the O.B. (= Ossewa-Brandwag) and founding a new national party.    Rooseboom agreed with Jerling's opinion of van Rensburg and said that he had documentary proofs of van Rensburg's treachery.    Unfortunately for Rooseboom, Rensburg knew this and was awaiting the first opportunity of killing Rooseboom.

.    .    .

10.    Return to Highland North.

            On 8th April Kraizizek met Mme. du Toit, wife of a Storm Jaers Colonel, arrested during the Leibrandt clean-up, and one of van Rensburg's stoutest supporters.     Mme. du Toit told him that he was to meet van Rensburg who wished to see him in connection with a film.  Before meeting van Rensburg, however, he was to see his adjutant, Anderson, an O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) General and a former Captain in the South African Army.

KV 2/907-1, page 42b

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.    .    .

11.    Meeting with Anderson.

.    .    .    After satisfying Anderson about his identity, Kraizizek was told by Anderson, who knew that he and Rooseboom, but Kraizizek found these reasons very unconvincing.    Anderson confirmed that Rooseboom worked a transmitter on van Rensburg's farm, had had his own service before and had been dismissed by Werz. (AOB: more a hear-say testimony) Anderson and van Rensburg thought Rooseboom a danger to the whole cause and said that he would have to be killed one day before he could turn State evidence against O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) and van Rensburg.

 

KV 2/907-1, page 43-partially (hand-written: that 4 pages are missing)

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14.    Meeting with Sittig (KV 2/939;PF66173) (Sittig, Felix)

            On 17th April, Jerling sent a car and Kraizizek was driven to Pretoria where he met Sittig @ Maier (location of meeting place now forgotten).    Sittig told Kraizizek that he had been sent by Werz to van Rensburg with a new code and instructions for transmitting.    Furthermore, he was to relieve Rooseboom.    Kraizizek asked him the reason for his animosity against Rooseboom, but Sittig claimed that he did not know, and was namely, that an order had been received from Werz to the effect that Rooseboom was to be dismissed as an agent.

            Sittig then asked Kraizizek if he would be willing to serve his country by taking a parcel to Lourenco Marques from van Rensburg.    Kraizizek said he would be willing to go immediately, but mentioned to Sittig that he had promised not to leave Masser in the lurch.  Sittig replied that Kraizizek's return from Lourenco Marques could always be arranged.

            Contrary to Anderson and Rooseboom, Sittig maintained that most military news of importance was being sent to Lourenco Marques, especially reports on shipping movements.    He, however, had no say in the selection of news as van Rensburg undertook the censorship himself.

KV 2/907-1, page 44b   (minute 72a)

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(4)  (since 7 July 2024)

1943.  

17 April                 Kraizizek spent the night in Pretoria at a place unknown to him (the sister of the house-owner was a school-teacher who knew Hilde Weiss), and then returned to Joubert's place with Sittig's assurance that he would be called on very soon.

15.        Meeting with van Rensburg.

18th April             Kraizizek spent one night at Joubert's place and the next day with Witz?.

19th April             On the 19th Anderson drove him by car to van Rensburg's wife whom Kraizizek knew well from his Bloemfontein days.

                                                                                                                                                                                                            GoogleEarth

                             The conversation began with van Rensburg's asking Kraizizek if he were willing to take a small parcel containing undeveloped films (he did not mention the nature of these, and Kraizizek claims that he did not ask), to Dr. Werz whom he was to meet on the Portuguese side of the border (AOB: it did went differently).    Van Rensburg added that Kraizizek could return when he liked,    He went on to tell him that he had already sent four men, but they had either been caught or lost.   This referred to Rockebrandt and Steffens, who were arrested near the border, and the two (Rommel's) Afrika Korps officers, Major Lipka and Leutnant von Grawert who had apparently been lost in the bush.    Rockebrandt, when arrested, told the Portuguese authorities, who had imprisoned him near the border, that he was a German, and Werz was called in to confirm this.    Rockebrandt was thus able to carry out his mission, although in a cell, by handing over his things to Werz.    Both Lipka and Grawert had spent some time at van Rensburg's farm and van Rensburg said that he was sorry they had both wanted to go as he would have liked one to remain behind.

                               It was agreed that Kraizizek should meet near the border and arrangements regarding the date and place were to be transmitted to Lourenco Marques.

                              Kraizizek asked van Rensburg about Rooseboom, but he could add nothing new to what Kraizizek (AOB: Kraizizek lived already since about mid of the 1930s in South Africa) had already heard from Anderson and Sittig.    He repeated the threat of having Rooseboom killed in the near future because he was dangerous.    Kraizizek then handed van Rensburg both of the plans which Rooseboom had given him, instead of only one as had been arranged.

                               Van Rensburg then told him that he depend on railway officials from Durban (AOB: please view at the foregoing map east of Bloemfontein at the coast) and Capetown, old O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) men mostly, for news, of shipping movements.    This had little value by the time it reached van Rensburg, as it came by rail.

                               Kraizizek then reminded? the question of van Rensburg's  visits to General Smuts (AOB: then the President of the Union of South Africa), saying quite openly that people were talking about it. Van Rensburg  did not deny it, but argued that his visits were of a strictly private nature as he had known the General for a very long time, and added that his last visit had been over a month ago.    Kraizizek told van Rensburg that he had heard he was regarded by the Germans as a German Quisling (AOB: Vidkun Quisling former Norwegian Defence Minister, whom collaborated with the Germans during their occupation of Norway)    de  (https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quisling)   and  en: (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quisling) in South Africa and also told him that Rooseboom had been accused of playing traitor to him.    Van Rensburg  refused to admit anything about his broadcasts and only indirectly admitted that he had sent military information. This, he claimed, was mere of a political than a military nature which the Germans were to use in the press and on the wireless.

 

KV 2/907-1, page 45c

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1943.

19th April            Van Rensburg then spoke of Leibrandt, who had been willing to work with him at first, but had insulted his O.B. officers, particularly Grobler of Bloemfontein (please consider the foregoing map).    Leibrandt had threatened Grobler with a pistol because the latter refused to hand over the money had deposited with van Rensburg to a man named Erasmus, sent by Leibrandt to van Rensburg.    According to Kraizizek, Leibrandt came to Bloemfontein with about 10,000 American dollars which he had received from Germany.    He deposited this money at Bloemfontein and later sent Erasmus to collect it but met with a refusal. Erasmus was later killed.

                              When Kraizizek asked van Rensburg about the police major with whom he was seen shortly before Leibrandt was denounced by this police major. Van Rensburg said he only saw him once during a "Braivlais Partie" (Zuid Afrikaans?) and did not get a good impression of him, because he went off with a bottle of whiskey.    This police major had a French-sounding name, possibly de Plessis?

                             Van Rensburg then told Kraizizek how difficult it was to obtain national unity and that he had appealed to the other partly leader, Pirow (KV 2/908; PF 66920), to come together on some understanding, but without success.    All van Rensburg hoped was that Germany would win the war.

                            Talking about Masser (KV 2/942 .. KV 2/944; PF 106140) (AOB: this latter PF serial number, implied that Masser was of a different category; he otherwise would also have possessed a serial number in the 66... range. However, the 10...... serials weren't quite common) van Rensburg stressed the point that he had to thank him, van Rensburg for saving his life, because if he had not ordered one of his officers, Banie Basson, to shoot Lotter, Masser would have been found guilty of espionage.    Basson, afterwards arrested by the police and imprisoned, later escaping, was never suspected of this murder, according to Kraizizek.

                             Major Mueller had also called on van Rensburg concerning the general use of the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) in South Africa, but this van Rensburg had refused.    Otherwise, Mueller had received all possible aid in his escape.

                             Kraizizek mentioned to van Rensburg that Herbert Wild had told him that he would like to join the G.I.S. (German Intelligence Service) as he was in a position to help Germany.    Van Rensburg speaking of the difficulties he experienced technically with the transmitter, as he could not get new parts and valves, said that he would be glad to get Wild's services. (Later Werz appointed Wild as an agent, but Wild, influenced by Rooseboom and Masser and wishing to operate alone, refused to work with van Rensburg.

                             Van Rensburg  then offered Kraizizek money, but Kraizizek refused, accepting nothing from him but the parcel containing the film.    Kraizizek cannot say how much money van Rensburg would have given him.

                            In the course of their long conversation,  van Rensburg said that he did not generally approve of the escape from prison and internment camps, especially where Afrikaanders were concerned, as they could not get out the country and just endangered the lives of other people.  He had sent an order to the internment camps strictly forbidding attempts to escape.    Asked how van Rensburg was able to send this order to the camps, Kraizizek said that anyone was allowed to write to the Commandant and there were many O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) men employed in the administration offices and amongst the guards.  

KV 2/907-1, page 46d   (minute 72a)

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1943

19th April            Concerning sabotage van Rensburg said it was childish to do anything at the moment as it would just result in breaking up the whole O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag).    It was, though, very difficult to reason with the younger and more lively elements of the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) and he had therefore given an order now and then to have some telephone wires out or a bomb thrown, causing only a small amount of damage.

20th April            On the 20th April, van Rensburg, his wife, Anderson, Sittig and Kraizizek celebrated Hitler's birthday, drinking champagne and listening to some recorded speeches of Hitler; later drinking a toast to Hitler in which van Rensburg wished Hitler a long life and a German victory.

                                                                                                                                                    GoogleEarth

AOB: please notice that north of the South African province Natal is the border with Mozambique, which country was during wartime days, still known as Portuguese East Africa. Lourenco Marques is now known as Maputo not too far of the South African Union border

21st April            16.    Departure for Natal.

                             Anderson and Kraizizek left the following day after the films arrived.    For reasons unknown to Kraizizek he had to spend another night (22nd April) in Pretoria with some people whose names he cannot give, afterwards leaving with Anderson in van Rensburg's car for Natal.

?? April                On the 23rd they arrived at Pienaar's place. Pienaar was one of van Rensburg's most trusted men and had concealed other agents including Lipka and Grawert (Former members of Rommel's Afrika Korps) in his mountain farm 30 miles to the north.    It was at this farm that Kraizizek remained until 7th May.

                             Kraizizek then explained to Werz the advantage of the plan, with their? transmitting information, especially shipping movements, and said that he would, apart from that, receive all the political news he wanted and could thus form his own opinion instead of receiving opinions of the Afrikaners who did not like the German propaganda since van Rensburg was considered a German Quisling , they, did not wish to be rid of the British just? to become another 'Gau' of the Germans with van Rensburg as Gauleiter. (Kraizizek later reported this to Berlin)

                            AOB: I have to apologise for being unable to transcribe the next paragraph, as all has been so poorly reproduced.

KV 2/907-1, page 47e   (minute 72a)

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1943.cont.   that he would consider it but it was impossible at the moment because Kraizizek was not going back to South Africa as Werz had just sent a man from the Consulate over.    Werz enquired if Kraizizek had met him at van Rensburg's farm.    This man was Nils Paasche (AOB: combined within Sittig's file KV 2/939; PF 66173), but Kraizizek had never heard of him before.

                            Werz was aware of the difficulties van Rensburg had with the transmitter and accepted Wild at once, giving an order to the effect to van Rensburg.    Wild, however, as stated above, did not want to work with van Rensburg.

                            Kraizizek reported to Werz Masser's anxiety about the documents he had been ordered to take from the German Consulate in Lourenco Marques to the German Legation in Lisbon (Portugal).  Masser had got as far as Capetown when he was detected, but he managed to stowaway aboard a Portuguese steamer with the help of the Germans. Werz replied that the documents reached the German legation safely.

                            Their further conversation consisted of political matters and Kraizizek tried to make Werz understand that he was making a mistake in backing up van Rensburg and thus hampering the unification of South African nationalists. He said he considered it would better merely to conduct national propaganda as far as Germany was concerned, and leave it to the Afrikanders to choose their leader. Werz replied that van Rensburg had been chosen by the Reich, which personally Kraizizek doubted, as he had heard through the Consul General Trompke (KV 2/757 .. KV 2/768; PF 65657), that Werz, as Vice-Consul, had an absolutely free hand as far as Africa was concerned.

                            After this conversation Kraizizek left Werz, having spent about three-quarters of an hour with him.

                            Camp 020.                                                                                            Sgd. A.S.A.  Captain

                            8.9.45

 

KV 2/907-1, page 49  (minute 70a)  AOB: Please bear always in mind that with increasing pdf page numbers you are going backwards in time!

                                                                                    Crown Copyright

B.1.b. Mr. Noble

            You may wish to reply to the attached.

            At present, and until we can obtain further information about our correspondents in the South African Police, I think we should be extremely careful what information on this subject we should pass them.

            A cable received from S.O.I. Capetown vouches for Brigadier Palmer's reliability from the security angle. A certain volume of correspondence is, however, coming in from other officers signing on Brigadier Palmer's behalf about whom we know nothing, and it may well be that information from the Security Service (think of AOB: RSS, M.I.5 and M.I.6, as well G.C.&H.Q.) receivers a wider distribution than we would wish it to have.

Overseas Control.

4th September, 1945.

AOB: There are aspects that weren't clearly expressed.  First, the British Services, partially operated illegally in South Africa. And were often not entitled to maintain what they actually were doing.  Then the existed quite an "reserve" versus Britain. Then what was known as Most Secret Source (think of Bletchley Park etc.) was to be kept away from the South Africans.  The diplomatic situation was also, sometimes, rather delicate between The South African Union and Great Britain.    

 

Suid-Afrikaanse Polisie

South African Police

                        Hoofdkwartier

                                                                                                                    Pretoria

                                        Serial  No. 48.

                                        Air Mail.

                                        Sir,

Re: Advocate Oswald Pirow (PF 66920)  K.C.  and Dr. J.F.J. van Rensburg.

                                                I am anxious to know if any information concerning the activities of either of the abovenamed persons should come to notice as the result of documents seized in Germany or elsewhere or through the interrogation of any Nazi prisoners or sympathizers.

                                                Mr. Pirow who, as you are probably aware, was Minister of Railways and Defence in the Herzog Government, visited Germany and interviewed Hitler 2 or 3 years prior to the outbreak of war.    He is now the leader of the "New Order" Movement in this country, a "National Socialist" organisation, which is Anti-Semitic and Anti-Government.

                                                Dr. van Rensburg is Commander-General of the Ossewa-Brandwag Movement that is known to you.

                                                It is quite possible that both men had German contacts and should information come to light concerning them or either man's activities, I would be grateful if it could be passed on to me as soon as practical.

                                                                                I have the honour to be,

                                                                            Sir,

                                                                                  Your obedient Servant

                                                                                            Sgd. Palmer?

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Brigadier,

                                                                                                                                                        The Commissioner of the

                                                                                                                                                                    South African Police

Brigadier Sir David Petrie, CIE, CVO, CBE.,

Box 500

Parliament Street, B.O.

London, S.W.1.

 

KV 2/907-1, page 51a    (minute 68a)

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                    CX/    /    /V.D.4.    dated 25.5.45

AOB: all CX/ ... references originate from S.I.S. (M.I.6)

            Dear Ryde (AOB: whom operated in South Africa, particularly in DFing on transmitters mainly operating from or about van Rensburg's farm),

                    Please refer to your letter PF 65657 (= KV 2/757 ... KV 2/768, on Trompke)/B.1.a. (= within M.I.5.)/MR (= Masterman?) of 19.5.45 on the subject of collaboration between South African subversive organisations and the German Intelligence Service. (AOB: directly in contact with the German Foreign Office or Auswärtiges Amt)

                    I confirm our meeting of the other day and several telephone conversations and I agree that we should try to provide the (South African) Union Government with evidence, other than that based on special material (AOB: think here of Most Secret Source material and that of Bletchley Park and that like), showing the extent of the assistance provided b to the German Intelligence Service in espionage matters, by such organisations as the Ossewa-Brandwag.

                    Without doubt, Trompke and Werz in Mozambique, were the prime movers and organisers of the German espionage network in the (S.A.) Union.    I we could arrest them and persuade them to talk we should obtain all the evidence required by the Union Government. (AOB: which not very fruitfully will occur, in due course)

                    As far as I know Werz is in Germany: (AOB: after being expelled accompanied by Kraizizek they arrived in Lisbon, where Werz continued his passage by regular airline flight from Spain to Berlin, he arrived there on 24 December 1944) and I have asked the appropriate section to take the necessary steps to locate him and have him arrested.    His interrogation could take place either here or in Germany, whichever was more convenient.

                    Trompke was still in Lourenco Marques until a few days ago and we were advised that the Governor of Mozambique was in no hurry to move him with the expulsion order decreed by the Portuguese Government (pushed by British diplomatic pressure).  We have asked that our Ambassador in Lisbon should protest to the {Portuguese Government.  We have asked that our Ambassador in Lisbon should protest to the Portuguese Ministry of Foreign Affairs over the delay and ask for Trompke's immediate expulsion.

                    I agree with your suggestion that we should try and get Trompke's story, before interrogating Werz or  →

KV 2/907-1, page 52b

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Mueller, and it should not be impossible to arrange air transport for Trompke to Germany.  I expect to hear further from you on this point, after your proposed talk with Hart and Liddell (M.I.5).

                    After careful study of Courtenay Young's admirable summary of the special material (M.S.S.), which reveals the full story of the relations between van Rensburg, of the Ossewa-Brandwag and the German Intelligence Service, I am inclined to agree with Courtenay Young's conclusion that it is difficult to accept the theory that the Ossewa-Brandwag and van Rensburg were under the remote control of General Smuts (the South African President).    On the other hand, no reasonable explanation is forthcoming for the fact that the intelligence passed back to Trompke and Berlin (German Foreign Office, Auswärtiges Amt), by Sittig, Wild, Elferink (Elfrink) and van Rensburg, was practically valueless;  bearing in mind that their opportunities for obtaining good material appears to have been unlimited (AOB: ???).

                    It is also hard to understand why Wild has not been arrested, since the Union Authorities must have known of his whereabouts for some considerable time.

                    We shall doubtless know the answer to all these questions at some time in the future, meanwhile we should try to obtain the arrest of Trompke and Werz as soon as possible.

Yours sincerely,

For Major H.D.V. Pakenham.

Addressed onto Major Ryde,

M.I.5.

Original in Pf 65657  Trompke

2.6.45.

KV 2/907-1, page 53a   (minute 67a)

                                                                                                                                            Crown Copyright

                                        Copies in:    PF 66173            Sittig/Paasche

                                           PF 65919           Mueller

                                           PF 106140         Masser

            PF 65657 (Trompke)/B.1.a. (= M.I.5)/MR

                                                                    19th May, 1945

                    Dear Fisher,

                            I spoke to you the other day regarding the possibility which now arises of obtaining from overt sources information which will be of value to the South African authorities, would they decide that the time has come to take action against individuals and organisations who have been in active collaboration with the Germans throughout the war.

                            In this connection I think that I told you that we have received a telegram from Brigadier Lenton, head of Censorship in South Africa, in which he states that the Minister of Justice, Mr. Colin Steyn, dealing with him (Lenton) alone, is anxious to get any information implicating Pirow or van Rensburg in association with Germany before or during the war. Brigadier Lenton thinks that there must be proof somewhere, and suggests Bohle or his records, or Hess (the latter was in British captivity since 11 May 1941), or some of the South Africans who have been associated with Zeesen (AOB: The main broadcasting site of the German Foreign Ministry; Auswärtiges Amt), such as Holm, Donie Mitchell, Miss Marshall, Miss de Jager and Sister Theron (AOB: Afrikaans broadcast speakers).

                            Whilst we do not think that these people mentioned by Lenton are likely to provide us with evidence that Pirow and van Rensburg have actively collaborated with the Germans during the war, we know from special sources that van Rensburg certainly has done so, that Pirow may have done so, and that dr. Malan, the leader of Smut's opposition in the South African Parliament, did in fact have an interview with Trompke as late as August 1941.

Captain H.A. Fisher.

KV 2/907-1, page 54b

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                            This information is, of course, entirely based on special material, and there are obvious objections to our releasing it to the South African authorities unless it can be covered or wrapped up in other information provided by such overt sources as, for example, the interrogation of individuals who have been conducting German espionage in the Union from the neighbouring territory of Portuguese East Africa. (AOB: their eager to tackle those once supporting Germany, may well have endangered Most Secret Sources; afterwards they had to take counter measures as to prevent the South Africans to combine the very facts. I my perception very un-professional attitude)

                            In view of the fact that Lenton, on behalf of the Minister of Justice in South Africa, has cabled asking for information which might implicate such well known characters in the Union politics as van Rensburg and Pirow, we feel that we should look upon the matter of obtaining what information we can from whatever characters we may find as one high priority.

                            We know that throughout the war both Trompke and Werz, in their official capacities, have busily engaged themselves in espionage (AOB: the author of this current document is not really possessing sufficient knowledge!  Practical matters were handled mainly by Werz, whereas Trompke was an old type diplomat), and that if we were able to lay our hand on Trompke (AOB: what will not happen - as the US G-2 service interrogated Trompke in Germany. After he was set free, he was asked where he would live. This information was incorrect as he was never traced again. I suppose he returned to some country where he possessed good contacts during his diplomatic career) there is a good chance (wishful thinking) that he would talk and provide us with a great deal of information which we require for the exposure of a number of prominent South African politicians (children they are!).    Trompke is still in Lourenco Marques, but I gather from you that the probability is that he will shortly be repatriated to Germany, and we feel that on arrival in Germany he should be arrested and brought to the U.K. for for detailed interrogation at Camp 020. (AOB: these children do even not know the actual legal situation: It were the American Forces who took Germans in captivity, and G-2 then interrogated them extensively. The British Foreign Office had then to apply for a 'slot' for their own interrogation in Germany. This mainly was allowed towards the end of the captivity; think of one or two days, maximally. Only in case of very special urgency, they could 'borrow' a body, but should return this person (body) at a scheduled window!) I do not know yet whether there is a SHAEF card for Trompke; but whether there is or is not, I think that we should advise both the British →

KV 2/907-1, page 55c + KV 2/907-2, page 1d

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and Americans in Germany that we are anxious to have him here as soon as he arrives.    I do not know whether there is is a card for Werz; I am taking steps to find this out; but having had personal contact with this man, I am not at all optimistic that even we do get him to England he will be persuaded to discuss his activities whilst in Lourenco Marques.    At the same time, I am not at all sure that he is a person who should be allowed to be at large in Germany, and I think that we should carefully consider whether he should not be kept in confinement, at least for the time being.

                            I have just heard that Werz's right-hand man when he was in Lourenco Marques, namely Alois Müller (Mueller), is at the moment on board the "Drottingholm" (a Swedish ship well known in repatriation in the wartime days), which is either at Holyhead or Liverpool.    He undoubtedly has a great deal of information which would be of value to the South African authorities, and should be closely interrogated. Unfortunately there is some objection to our taking this man off the ship at an English port, and I have arranged with Martin Forrest that he should be arrested and sent to this country as soon as he arrives at his destination in Germany. (AOB: as I have already explained before, he then fell under US jurisdiction, who were superior to every desire from England)

                            I think that Trompke, Werz and Müller (Mueller)  are probably the most important of the Germans who have been in Africa throughout the war, although I do not forget Herbert Masser, who undoubtedly has had personal contact with some of the agents working in the Union, probably including Sittig, and it may be that we should inform those in the field that he also should be brought to this country for interrogation.

                            So far as these officials who have directed the activities of these people from Germany are concerned, I am at the present time endeavouring t get out a list of Abwehr officials whom we know to have interested themselves in South African affairs throughout the war.    There are a number of these people, and I think are likely to be most valuable from our point of view. I shall discuss this matter with you as soon as I have completed the list.

                           I would be interested to have your comments on this general problem in due course, and in particular I should be interested to know whether you think that the information that we have had from special sources, which clearly shows that van Rensburg and other South Africans have played with the Germans throughout the war, can be used if suitably camouflaged or by attributing it to it to denunciations by captured Germans since the German surrender.

                                                                 Yours sincerely,

                                                            M. Ryde

                                                                Major

AOB: now it is clear to me: Major Ryde was most unsuccessful in pinpointing the transmissions from the surrounding of van Rensburg's farm and on other places within the South African Union. I do understand now - what personality type this young man was. Not very promising, by the way.

KV 2/907-2, page 2   (minute 66a)

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                                                                                                                CX/number deleted/V.T.2  dated 13th September, 1944

                                                                        (Typically S.I.S. (M.I.6.) practice)

            Dear Courtenay,

                            Reference your letter PF 106140/B.1.b./CTY (Courtenay) (= Masser) of September 12th.

                                I am certain that R. refers to van Rensburg I? have always understood that vis a vis Berlin Shrapnel represents the link with van Rensburg and has officially been lent to van Rensburg and has officially been lent to van R. as a sort of communications officer.    Trompke, who was at least always correct, would therefore theoretically approach Shrapnel through van R.

                                We, of course, know that van R. has no difficulty in sending letters to the German Consulate in Lourenco Marques by hand of various South African visitors, e.g. Pin Wessels.

Yours sincerely,

 

for H.A.R Philby

(AOB: the latter was one of the Cambridge five - Russian Spies within the British Secret Service during WW II and thereafter!!)

(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambridge_Five)

Captain Courtenay Young,

M.I.5.

Original in Masser's (minute 74a)

Copy for Van Rensburg

KV 2/907-2, page 3

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            PF 106140/B.1.b./CTY                                                                                                                                        12th September, 1944

            Dear John,

                    You will have noted that BJ (Blue jacket) 135893 (AOB: special folders, only accessible by particularly authorised Crown servants) shows conclusively that Masser has been double-crossing us with the Germans (AOB: otherwise he would have been double-crossing the Germans, on Britain's behalf).  I presume you will inform your representative in :Lourenco Marques of this so that he can be cautious in any further approach to this creature.

                    I should be grateful for your views as to whom the letter 'R' on page 3 refers.    I presume from the context that it is van Rensburg.    It is possible, of course, that it might be Rooseboom, but this seems unlikely owing to the estrangement between him and Shrapnel.   (AOB: might once Rooseboom have been Shrapnel?)

Yours sincerely,

Courtenay Young.

John

S.I.S.

 

KB 2/907-2, page 4     (minute 64a)

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(BJ) 135893

                    It is learnt from a most secret source that the German Consulate in Lourenco Marques reported that Masser had stated that Rooseboom, after his quarrel with the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) drew up a document, signed by two witness, of self-justification describing the work he had done for Germany and his attempts to establish contact with the German Consulate in Lourenco Marques.    Masser then walled up this document with the assistance of Wild, who later on handed it over to the South African Government.    Masser stated that this was the reason for Werz recall.

                    The German Consulate thought that if this was true, Felix (= Sittig), of whom they had received no news in Lourenco Marques from R (= van Rensburg?), would also be heavily compromised and perhaps caught. They thought, however, that this silence might have something to do with the fact that under pressure of circumstances, the O.B. (= Ossewa-Brandwag) had changed its course.    Apparently, now that van Rensburg's hopes of a rapid German victory had faded he was trying to gain influence over the workers and the soldiers by means of his labour front, and having failed to achieve a union with Malan, was threatening ?? form a Parliamentary front.    The German Consulate considered that in acting  thus van Rensburg would gain little advantage as the secret wireless link with Germany would involve him in great risk.

11.9.44

Original in Masser (minute) 72a.

Copy for van Rensburg.

 

(5(since 9 July 2024)

 

AOB: I have skipped, an interview taken on behalf of a US representative, with van Rensburg and his surrounding, a we follow a certain line, which otherwise would have become propaganda like, as this was the essence of this interview. (KV 2/907-2, pages 7 ...   19)

KV 2/907-2, page 20    (minute 61a)

                                                                                                                                        Crown Copyright

Extract

        Extract for File No :   PF 66175                                                                                                                            Name : van Rensburg

        Original in File No : PF 65657   Trompke    Serial (minute?) 451a            Dated:    25.5.44

        Original from third Report on German Espionage in the Union.

        Extracted on : 20.6.44

.    .    .

        The Network in Portuguese East Africa.

.    .    .  In December it was stated that two transmitters in Cape Province, but that both were cut of action to lack of spare parts, and that the Germans had two transmitters in Lourenco Marques (??), and none in the North of the Colony.  Apparently the intention was to dismantle the last named one to provide spares for the two in Cape Province,  and Kraizizek was to smuggle into the Union. (AOB: it all went differently then the author expresses here)   Masser added that Werz and van Rensburg had arranged to meet near Catuane, but van Rensburg was frightened and changed his mind at the last minute.    None of these reports have been really confirmed up to date.

            On 25.3.44 Berlin asked Felix (= Sittig) to ask van Rensburg if he considered that the founding of a branch of the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) in Germany and its use for wireless purposes would be advisable.

            Felix (= Sittig) replied that van Rensburg's opinion it would be highly desirable to start a branch of the O.B. particularly among the N.C.O's (= non commissioned Officer = German ranking Uffz.) and men who were prisoners of war.    Felix (= Sittig) also asked, in order to avoid mistakes, Berlin must explain exactly what they meant by 'use for wireless purposes'.  To this question, as far it is known, Berlin vouchsafed no reply.

            No information from Most Secret Source was used against Wild, but he was led to believe that he had been blown by someone in Lourenco Marques.  No names were mentioned, but Wild clearly blamed Masser.    The result of this confession was that Wild had blown van Rensburg, Sittig, Rooseboom and Anderson, but had never mentioned Paasche (AOB: Paasche is also covered with Sittig's file (KV 2/933; PF 66173) and Paasche).

            Apparently the friction between Rooseboom and Sittig and Paasche, and Rooseboom's dismissal as a German agent still rankled, as in June 1943 the latter wrote a 26 page confession incriminating van Rensburg and Sittig.  This report was cemented up in a bottle in a wall and held as threat against van Rensburg to whom he had for long opposed.  This report was produced by Wild in March 1944.    It is a long document giving Rooseboom's activities from 1939 to 28.6.43.    He accuses van Rensburg and Sittig of double-crossing him, and it implicates Anderson and Wild as well as van Rensburg and Sittig and others.

            Rooseboom suggested to the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) a radio link with Lournco Marques,  or if possible with Germany direct ... as the attempts by the Afrikaaners themselves to get the new service working had failed, Rooseboom approached van Rensburg, with the request that he should be entrusted with the management.    After the transmitters had been re-build (https://www.cdvandt.org/felix-sittig-tx-sa.htm), Sittig arrived at Pretoria at van Rensburg's (farm).   He also called himself Meyer, and was known to Rooseboom from former year.    Few dates appear anywhere in the confession, but this must be presumably between the date of Sittig's escape from Bavianspoort on 7.4.42 and the statement in Most Secret Source, dated 4.5.42 that 'the agent who had succeeded in breaking out of Internment Camp was working with van Rensburg, ...  Sittig did the encoding of the reports. These reports arrived at van Rensburg's farm and were sent on to Sittig.

            Rooseboom stated that 'a Hollander, named Elfrink (KV 2/202; PF 65880) , usually called Mr. X in O.B. circles, was stated to be appointed an agent by Germany.    Soon after Rooseboom's stated working for the O.B. van Rensburg asked him to enquire in Lourenco Marques if 'Elfering' (Elfrink) was alright.

KV 2/907-2, page 21   (minute 60 c; AOB: implying that there does exist at least a minute 60 a and 60b)

                                                                                                                                        Crown Copyright

                        Original filed in PF 65657  Trompke.

Copy

To S.O.I. Capetown.    18.5.45.

Reference your telegram 28 of 4.5.45.

            We are aware of the possibilities which detailed interrogation may provide (AOB: at least not by the British institutions, but US G-2 did in Germany) for implicating the characters mentioned in collaboration with the Germans and are energetically pursuing all possible channels with a view to providing the South African authorities with a complete a dossier as possible (wishful thinking).

DS/1112/45

KV 2/907-2, page 23a + 24b (minute 60a)

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Extract

Extract for File No : PF 66175                                                                                                                                Name :  Rensburg

Original in file No : Y. Box 3642   Afrikaner            Serial 15a        Dated:   4.5.44

Original from 203, M.L.M. Pretoria       

Extracted    22.5.44

Extract from Report on the Afrikaner Broeder Bond.

            The Ossewa-Brandwag, whose origin was inspired by the by the common-creation trek of the Ox-wagons, and which was started by Col. Laas as a purely cultural association, became a menace to the A.B.'s rival concern F.A.K.  A skilful whisper campaign, based ironically enough on the rumour that Col. (Overste) Laas was a Free Mason, caused the Colonel (Overste) to be ejected and Boer Dr. Hansie van Rensburg successfully installed.

            In the meantime the A.B. ever since the arrival, circa 1933 of the first Nazi agents, camouflaged as scientists, educationists, etc. had become immensely interested in the Nazi system.

            Broers Dr. N. Diederichs and Dr. van Rensburg both visited Germany to study the Nazi system at first hand, and became ardent admirers and adherents o'? National Socialism.

            Through Broederbond intervention the Afrikaanse Nationale Student-bond (A.N.S.) was formed with Hans van Rensburg as hon. president, as an anti-dote to the liberally inclined N.U.A.A., and conducted tours of Afrikaans student were arranged to Nazi Germany;.   

.    .    .

            Part of the A.B.'s scheme of vengeance  recoiled on its own head when the split occurred in 1941 between Malan and Pirow (KV 2/908: PF 66920), leads? to rupture with the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) as well, and participating the A.B. into its most serious crisis.   There was also a strained atmosphere in the Uitvoerende Raad as well, since some of the members  aided with Malam and some with Pirow and van Rensburg.

            The first breach between Malam and van Rensburg occurred early in 1941 when van Rensburg prematurely published the Broederbond's "Konsep-grondwet" for the intended republic. 

 

KV 2/907-2, page 25  + KV 2/907-1-page-minute-54a  (minute 54a)

What had M.I.5. to be kept secret for the public, even in the year 2002?

We know what minute 54a was about, next:

 

   

                                                                                                                                    Crown Copyright

17.3.44    From Major Ryde Pretoria, Telegram mentioning van Rensburg    minute 54a

AOB: May I suggest an option: Was this telegram dealing with improper behaviour versus the legal status within the: Union of South Africa?

As it is known: that they did this deliberately, quite frequently; in particular where Major Ryde was being implicated.

 KV 2/907-2, page 26   (minute 58c) WOW

AOB: this is where I am always hoping and waiting for!!!!! A mistake, which quite often in elaborate documents one or twice is happening. The last screener in 2002 did not understood the application of the S.I.S. CX/ serial numbers!

 

                                                                                                                                Crown Copyright

    Copy.            Original in PF 65657 Trompke    (minute 428b)

Sender was S.I.S. (M.I.6)

CX/12724/3/V.T.2.    dated 5th April, 1944

CX/12724 actually constituted a subject - group number /3/ is making it particularly pointing at group and the particular Rooseboom's person: CX/12724/3

V.T2. is the designation code of the one regularly dealing with this file (Sachbearbeiter)

12xxx series are always being linked on to Germany related matters

 

            Dear Courtenay (= M.I.5.),   

                    With reference to my letter 12724/3/V.T.2. of April 3rd in which Rensburg accused Masser (Hans Herbert Masser KV 2/942 ... KV 2/944; PF 106140)  of being the author of report, our Lourenco Marques representative thinks it is most unlikely that Masser has ever passed anything to the Portuguese Police. Moreover according to Anderson is suspected of being the author.

Yours sincerely,

S.I.S. practice: is deleting also the signatures systematically.

 KV 2/907-2, page 27 empty minute 58b

                                                                                                                                                                                Crown Copyright

                                                                        minute reference                               58b

                                                                                                                                Crown Copyright

My comment is: again a link to Major Ryde and Rooseboom

In one of the documents in this file referred to Shrapnel as a course of information.

I already noticed at: KV 2/907-2, page 8 about someone whom got the cover-name Shrapnel

Shrapnel may well have been: Mr. Rooseboom. (Hans Rooseboom KV 2/941; PF66179)

 

KV 2/907-2, page 28    (minute 58a please see foregoing reference of 3.4.44)

                                                                                                                        Crown Copyright

                                        203- Military Liaison Mission.

                                        Pretoria.

                                                            18th March, 1944.

 

    Y,B,3/MH?

    Dear Sir David (Petrie),

                                        I attach two copies of the statement written by Rooseboom last June and two copies of an English translation. (AOB: this might be considered an illegal act, as most subjects dealt with being South African Union Citizens!) This is the document handed over to me (AOB: Major Ryde, on behalf of M.I.5) by (Herbert) Wild and mentioned in my telegram number P.57/44 of 13th (March, paragraph 1(b).    I (Major Ryde) stated in the telegram that this was a 26 page document but but the original was not written on foolscap? size paper.

            I (Major Ryde) know nothing of the Police report mentioned by Rooseboom (Shrapnel?) in paragraph 5), and as General Smuts is in the moment anxious that the police should not be called in, I (Major Ryde, M.I.5) cannot very well ask time to let me see their file.    This point will have to be gone into at a later date, indeed there are a number of names mentioned in the document that will have to be referred to the police in due course.

            The main difficulty that I (Major Ryde) am in at the moment, is to see where Pedant (likely a British code-name for a South African citizen) enters into the picture.    He has never been mentioned by Wild, he is not mentioned by Rooseboom in this document, but he has been mentioned by Masser in Lourenco Marques. I (Major Ryde) can well believe that Rooseboom may never have heard of Pendant for his entrangement (= the fact of no longer being on friendly terms of a social group) from Shrapnel for his entanglement from Shrapnel and the Ossewa-Brandwag occurred before Pendant (AOB: maybe Masser? bear also PF 106140 in mind) for his entanglement from Shrapnel and the Ossewa Brandwag occurred before Pendant arrived in the Union.

            At the same time Wild was a strong supporter of Rooseboom's and so far his history to me (Major Ryde) has gone at the moment, he claim that he knows little or nothing of Shrapnel's activities since Rooseboom broke away from him and the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag).

            I (Major Ryde) would   begin to doubt whether Wild has been the technical expert for Pendant and the existing transmitter, were it not for the fact that I (Major Ryde) am informed by S.O.E. (AOB: a 'branch' linked to M.I.6, but also executing killings and that like) that Masser has stated to be the case.

            I (Major Ryde) have not had time to comment on the attached report in detail, beyond the fact that Wild has stated that the transmitter which was built after the theft of the first transmitter from the motor car is the one mentioned in my (Major Ryde's) telegram P 57/44 of the 13th March, para 1 (a) which Wild handed over to me (Major Ryde).

Brigadier Sir David Petrie , .....

Box 500,

London

KV 2/907-2, page 29b

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        Statement about the activities of Henri Jaques (Hans) Rooseboom during the period from 9th October 1939 to 28 June 1943.

                    I the undersigned Hans Rooseboom, christened Henri Jaques Rooseboom, officer stenographer (short-hand) of the Parliament of the South African Union and Journalist,  without fixed residence, lately residing at the Internment Camp of Leeuwkop, District Johannesburg, Transvaal, under the Internee-Number 987, born on the 8th October, 1904 at Uelsen (County Dentholm?), herewith make the following declarations:

                    I am making this declaration out of my own free will without being forced to do it, only for the possibility that something may happen to me, in order to give my collaborators an explanation for their activities.

                    I left Berlin on the 9th October 1939, under instructions to communicate important ?? through channels of neutral countries, i.e. Holland. I got an? order from person with whom I got in touch through the former Commercial Attaché of the German Legation in South Africa, Dr. Ludwig Beye. A certain Mr. Grass (or Grasp) was instructed to me as the chief, whereas the negotiations with me were carried out by a Mr. Haelberstadt. At no time I met these gentlemen in an official building, but once this Mr. Haelberstadt remarked:  "Of course you will understand that you are dealing with the military". (AOB: implying Abwehr I) Twice I had to sign an official document. Personally I was perfectly satisfied with the assurance of Dr. Beye that those gentlemen belonged to the O.K.W, (Amt Ausland/Abwehr).

                    Preparations for my activities were rather scanty, mainly because there was not much time before my departure.    I was given some chemicals with which I learned to write.    Then I had to learn by heart which things were wanted most in my (Rooseboom's) reports.    All reports should be forwarded via an arranged channel by letter, if possible by airmail.    I did not get any money to take along as though it would be dangerous and unnecessary, as I believed I could defray (pay) from my yearly income of more tan 12.000 Marks??.

                    I would like to mention that the attitude of the gentlemen of the O.K.W. with regard to other officials was hard to understand. Councillor Bielefeld of the Foreign Office (Auswärtiges Amt), for instance, asked me to represent in the German point in view in South Africa as much as possible, especially in the Boer Press.  For this purpose he gave me quite a number of photos etc.    Mr. Haeberstadt told me with regard to this conversation: "Always say Ýes'and then forget about it, whatever he told you.    On no account you must tell him what the real purpose of your journey will be."  Even at Police Headquarters I was not allowed to say a word in order to speed up the issue of my exit permit.    I mention these facts because, as will be explained later. I was also given the order never to get in touch with any official German representative abroad nor to try to work with their help.  I also should keep aloof from any political South African group or party. I had to work completely independently.  However, I was told, I had to use my own judgement as it was possible that conditions could change completely without Germany being able to give me other instructions.    It was with regard to these instructions that later or I had to act against my orders. I thought these instructions were rather to be regarded as precautions as I was not too well known then.

                    During my trip some strange accidents happened, the meaning of which will become clear in the course of this description.    In the plane between Rome and Serville the bottle with one of the chemical liquids ?an? out to about three quarters of its contents, although I was sure that I had corked it safely in Berlin.    Secondly, in Madeira I was continously approached by a man who offered his services as a guide.    Thirdly, our Portuguese boat when it was one day's journey from Dakar got instructions not to call at any French or British ports as, it was said, the day before Germans had been taken from a boat of this line at Dakar.    Finally at Lobito there was a clear hint that I was under suspicion,    When I wanted to go from board, one of the officers said he would accompany me, and when the Assistant-Paymasters of the "Windhuk" which was lying there, asked the Port Captain for permission to invite a passenger of our boat (my name was not mentioned) to dinner, he replied "You mean this South African journalist", eh? Gentlemen, that is out of the question." Apparently I had been expected at Cape Town, so I proceeded without any difficulty via Lourenco Marques to Johannesburg.    In South Africa I learned from an officer of the Secret Police the following:  the other day he had something to do in →

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to do in record-officer and by chance a file came into his hands which gave details about my person.    To his surprise he read that already in Berlin I was under observation by agents of the British Secret Service who saw me with persons who were believed to be members of the German Secret Service.    Then I arrived in Rome the local branch of the British Secret Service was already informed, and while I was out of my hotel room,  my luggage had been searched and there they found the liquid with which they did not know what to do.    In order not to grouse suspicion with regard to the taking of some of it for testing, they put the cork in loosely so that contents would run out.  Then it was indeed to get me from on board in a French port, however,  the boat did not call at the port (Dakar).    Thereupon, according to this document, the South African police was now busy to keep me under observation, and if my conduct would arouse any suspicion I would be dealth with immediately.

                    I therefore did not have the chance any more to act according to my orders in the disguise of a harmless journalist, and I decided I had to convince people here that I was harmless indeed.   I started writing articles for the press in order to stress my independent attitude as reporter.  The articles found such an attention that I was offered to write a book about my experiences. I made use of this opportunity to prove my innocence explicitly.    That I succeeded in my purpose has been proved by a secret Police report which I had a chance to read and in which it was said "Reading the book and the article by H.R. (Hans Rooseboom) makes it clear that the agent in Berlin must have been wrong or that the negotiations which have been conducted there by R. (Rooseboom)  must have failed, as only a lunatic would  describe all details of his journey as a secret agent as R. does.   A search of his rooms was completely negative, and R. himself gave, without being asked, an quite credible explanation of his dealings with certain officials of the Foreign Office (das Auswärtige Amt) at Berlin.

                    The book I wrote "Die Oorlog trap was" broke all records in book selling in South Africa, the Police were not able to arrest me me without a good reason with regard to the dangerous mood among the Boers, and they stopped to keep me under observation. Now my hand were free and I began to send my reports. However, soon some difficulties arose.    My letter went first to my mother in Holland abd forwarded them to a young lady friend of mine in Germany.    But soon I was warned from Germany that this lady named Kaethe Hartmann, had shown had behaviour and from some hints I could understand that she was guilty of treachery. Therefore I told my mother she could send my letters to my sister the address of whom was known to the gentlemen in Berlin.    I don't know if this was done as my mother knew nothing of secret content of my letters.  I don't know if this was done as my mother knew nothing of the secret content of my letters.    I chose this alternative as the said K. Hartmann for some time used to stay with my sister in Kiel and as it was probable that Berlin, wanted to test this channel.

                    At the beginning of May 1940 the invasion of Holland occurred and therefore my channel was cut oof.    Twice after that I had a chance to send reports, once with somebody via South America, and the other with a lady from from scuttled "Watusi" ? who was returning to Germany.    In any case this last report has arrived as I got a reply from Lisbon later on.    I hoped to get new address in neutral countries and started building up my sources of information.  In this connection I gave I gave certain hints to one Mrs. Bettie Zweistra (nee Hanekom) of Kameelstraat Epping Tuine, Kaapstad, who I have known for years and about whose attitude I had no doubts.    Her husband, however, was a soldier in the Coastal Defence but this fact made this connection even more valuable.  Later I found out that this lady had given me away by telling an invented story to the Secret Military Police.    As in the meantime some very important ship-news came in, I decided  - contrary to my instructions to go to the border of Portuguese East Africa (whole distance about 3000 miles in order to forward the news by a trusted person to the (German) Consulate in Lourenco Marques.    I did it in order not to leave these valuable of? information unused and because a reliable friend named Otto Schroeder had offered to take the news across.    At the border I had enough connections to facilitate a crossing of the border without much difficulty.    Schroeder carried out his instructions, was, however, treated rather unfriendly by the timid representative of the Reich at Lourenco Marques.   There was no talking of aid or financial support although he as well as I were well known for years to Dr. Werz who was in charge of South African Affairs.

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I, want to mention in this respect that in Berlin I was given the address of Messrs Schroeder & Leidenberg in Lourenco Marques to be used as cover, and when I come to the Union via Lourenco Marques I visited Leidenberg as arranged in Berlin.  But there I found out that this address was of no use as Mr. Leidenberg not only was kept under constant observation but also was not allowed to cable by code to Germany.    Therefore I thought if of no use that Schroeder should approach Schroeder & Leidenberg for other reason than contacting the Consulate.    During our return trip from the border I learned of the warrant against me.    I had to decide for myself if I should give myself up and try to get free during the investigation - which it is pretended to be granted to every internee - or to try working on as a fugitive.  This last alternative was out of the question with regard to the few few people I knew then among the Afrikaners.   Furthermore I had no more an income, and the journey to the border had proved that the costs about  £80 would make a regular use of this route prohibitive.    Finally it was just the time in France's collapse and everybody expected a speedy end of the war.   As I was sure that there could be no serious charge against me, I gave myself up to the Police in order to improve my chances for a release.

                    After being three months at the Internment Camp of Leeuwkop, the outrageous Police attack against the camp of Baviaanspoort occurred during which 800 of the 1200 inmates were injured, some of them critically. About 20 men from Baviaanspoort were transferred to the penitentiary camp next to our camp and the inmates soon found a possibility to communicate with us.  Some of these comrades knew me already and they approached me with the suggestion to forward sworn declarations about the ill-treatment of helpless prisoners to the newspapers and if possible to the Consulate in Lourenco Marques.  They approached just me because they knew about my collaboration with German officials before the war, and also because it was known that I was continually? in touch with people outside the camp.    I studies the declarations and found their contents so scandalous that I decided to send them on.    My friends outside responded immediately and sent an original of the declarations to Lourenco Marques.     A few days later the German shortwave station broadcasted the declarations word by word.    As we had secret receivers in the camp this message was son known and at the same time word went around that I was in touch with Germany.        A few days later an internee named Botha, a general of the  because the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag)  wanted to get enlightened  about Germany's intention for South Africa after the war. "General" Botha who was in charge of the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) group in the camp hinted that the letter came from headquarters of the O.B.      Two years later the O.B. Headquarters denied this and it transpired that the letter originated from the Provincial Headquarters Transvaal of the O.B. which was in charge of three quarters of all O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) members.   With regard to my instructions to keep aloof from political organisations I declined this request, explaining that such a step would be outside my d??es.    A few days later a second letter from the O.B. arrived in the camp. In it was offered the O.B.'s assistance and support for my future work if I would get free and would initiate connections between the O.B. and Germany.  Again I was faced with a difficult decision.    After three months in the camp it did not look as if the war would come to a speedy end; prospects for an interrogation during which I could get free (as I learned confidentially) were bad, and as fugitive I could not count on success without the support of the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag).    Connections with Germany were accomplished after my successful flight with the assistance of Otto Schroeder and a reply to the questions of the  "Kommandant-Generaal Dr. Hans van Rensburg" were transmitted to him.    So far my side of our agreement was settled.    The O.B. commissioned one Abraham Spless with helping me in starting my activity again and a few reports were sent to Lourenco Marques.    However, thanks to the hopeless organisation of O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) the intrigues in the O.B. Headquarters and finally thanks to the fact that the "Stormjaers" made illicit use of my communications across the border, the whole communication broke finally down.  Otto Schroeder was caught while crossing the border, others were caught too or kept aloof.

                    A year after it had been posted at Lisbon a letter from my sister arrived in which I was asked, by my superiors in Berlin to do my utmost best in order to restore communications. 

 

(6 (since 13 July 2024)

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in order to restore communications.    This letter mentioned an address in Lisbon, however, my brother who got this letter while I was in a camp and did not know about my activities, replied as if it was a normal letter from my sister.    The Police were continuously searching for me so that only after months I could dare getting in touch with my brother.    With his letters which, of course, he signed with his proper name, he drew suspicion to this address.    And finally in a moment of greatest danger I had to destroy the letter soon afterwards thus losing the address.

11.                    To replace the old means of communications I suggested a radio communication with Lourenco Marques or - if possible - with Germany direct.  The war had made the sea route via the Cape much more important and I had in Cape Town all the necessary sources of information.    During the first tests with transmitters which had been built meanwhile, the said A Spless was arrested and interned.    In his place came leading "Officer" of the Stormjaers" to me, promised the blue from the sky and did nothing.    I waited for 3½ months in my hide-out without hearing anything and then I tried to get in touch with O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) Headquarters.    That was not easy as I could only move with the greatest precautions during the first year of my flight.    Finally the Provincial Leader of the O.B. in the Transvaal "Assistant-Kommandant Generaal" Jerling arrived and told me that the "Stormjaers" (with whom he was constantly at loggerheads?) had simply refused to tell him my whereabouts.    This happening is typical of conditions in the O.B. organisation.     Now a radio technician named Piet Boshoff from Beoni was ordered to get the radio service going. After several months he proved to be a complete failure and he was replaced by an Air Force Captain "Bosseau" Boshoff.    He did his utmost to get a radio service going, was, however, subjected to continuous criticism and sabotage of his work by the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) Command, with the exception of "A.K.C." Jerling, who was the only one among the high officers of the O.B. to show appreciation of the importance of my task and the obligations of the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) to me.    Mainly by constant intrigues by the Provincial-Leader of the Cape Province, "AKG" J.A. Smith and his Aide-de-Camp "Hymer" Anderson the built up organisation was again and again destroyed.    The leader of the O.B. Dr. van Rensburg, deserves the reproach that he never took the building up of an information service seriously and that he never put the necessary funds at our disposal. (AOB: one should also consider Dr. Hans van Rensburg's merits which Rooseboom, rejects to acknowledge; hatred is never a good judgement)  As time went on I learned that, unfortunately, Dr. van Rensburg must be regarded as irresponsible in every respect and that every intriguer could influence him.  The pretext that no money was available, does not stand the test, as alone from membership fees the O.B. has a yearly income of about 1,350,000 Marks (AOB: what was the legal South African currency named?), and because there were ample funds for other  unimportant purposes (AOB: Mr Rooseboom, a non member of Ossewa-Brandwag, should decided what has to be done with the O.B.'s money - is only emphasising at the very fact, that Mr. Rooseboom is having unsound motives - but to counter van Rensburg and the Ossewa-Brandwag organisation).  With the exception of some support by Transvaal thanks to A.K.G. Jerling, Captain Boshoff had to provide all the costs out of his own pocket until he had used up his cash of 10,000 Marks and resigned, disappointed, and with a nervous breakdown.    That happened in January 1942.    Boshoff had done a lot, transmitters had been built or bought and erected in general places in the country, tests for sending and receiving had been made, but there were still some unsolved technical difficulties.    Cap. Boshoff had tackled too many problems with his restricted means and got stuck in details.

12.                    As repeated attempts by Afrikaners had come to nothing, I approached Dr. van Rensburg with the request to entrust me (Rooseboom) with the managing the News. (AOB: whatever Mr. Rooseboom wanted to accomplish, he had to communicate with a German entity. And, that was the German Foreign Office (Auswärtiges Amt) and they followed also the guidelines in communication with Consul Dr. Werz. But, Werz followed the guidelines provided by the German Auswärtiges Amt) Section of the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag)    He fully agreed.   As the most efficient section worked in Johannesburg under the commandant of "Generaal" "Outboet" Toerien, I concentrated all my efforts in getting the section going.    Soon sending and receiving tests with Cape Town group were made several times per week, but as there were no results after 2 month time, I decided to go by train to Cape Town together with my collaborator, Pierre de Villiers.    That was an hazardous enterprise but there was no other way with regard to lack of tyres and petrol. Persistent lack of funds was another reason for this decision which, however, went well.  The transport question at the beginning of 1942 became more and more difficult.  Later on we got over it by stealing tyres and forging petrol coupons.    Our technician too came from Johannesburg, but still our tests were unsuccessful in getting communication. Just when I learned from from the radio-technician of the Police in Cape Town that the Police had over come the difficulty by erecting higher aerials, Dr. van Rensburg, who also was in Cape Town, gave order to hand over our apparatus to the local O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag)  command.    The intriguers once again had got the comprise-loving van Rensburg on their side.    Our so important communication to Cape Town was made impossible, however, we →

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we knew now what was wrong with our transmitters.   

(AOB: this proves that Mr. Rooseboom did not possess any knowledge on 'propagation'. The height of an antenna is mainly related to the frequency concerned. Also significant being: the daily propagation forecast. This is also a season phenomenon (such as the latitude of the sun) and is related to the altitude of the various ionospheric layers (Heavyside layers) such as: the D, E and F layers (to keep it simply). Daylight is mainly restricting to maximally medium range communications. Long range propagations is complex mixture of time of the day, such as Grey-line propagation (East-West). When Sittig started the Germans told him the frequencies to be operated in respect to the time of the day. Mr. Rooseboom did not possessed any knowledge about these aspects.)

 After our return to Johannesburg we immediately erected higher aerials.    For the first time we got an appreciable amount from the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) Headquarters.    This, however, was not the merit of the O.B. Command.    Some young men, members of the "Stormjaers", had stolen £12,000 (240,000 Mark) from a mine near Johannesburg and had decided that we should get about £1,000 of it for our work.    The people who had to decide about it; were one Rockebrandt and one Bareney Basson.    In fact we only received £200, and later a second hand car.

                    After rebuilding the transmitters and questioning how to get in touch with Lourenco Marques, a certain Sittig (Felix), made his appearance in Pretoria (AOB: it was Sittig whom realised later a constant communication  directly Germany) at Dr. van Rensburg's.    He called himself also Meier, I knew him from former years. He escaped from Leeuwkop shortly before I did, had spent, a year in Cape Town where my sister Wilhelmine Ramage had cared for him, and then he escaped to Lourenco Marques when he nearly was caught again at the border and interned again.   He then escaped once more from Baviaanspoort.    He brought a (German) code with which we now could try to send to Lourenco Marques, and in fact we soon succeeded.    All transmissions except one came through faultlessly during the months up to my resignation.    In spite of these successes we still did not get a chance to build up a signaller group.    Apparently it was much more important for Dr. van Rensburg to safeguard the peace within the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) and to arrange prayer meetings instead of giving us the possibility of an efficient news service. (AOB: we should not forget - that van Rensburg facilitated the later successful secret transmission towards Germany! And also had to stand the many nuisances of searching his premises rather often; without catching a transmitter and its operator)  As we were not allowed to work in Cape Town communication of news remained scanty and incomplete.    It should not be overlooked that I (Rooseboom) still was wanted by the Police and therefore could not do anything on my own will. Just before we started transmissions to Lourenco Marques we got news of the imminent, attack on Madagascar.    Several times we wirelessed a general "SOS" as a warning for Madagascar, we also sent two persons with the message to Lourenco Marques.   One of these persons, Rockebrandt, was gaught in Lourenco Marques and extradited to the Union.    However, he had fulfilled his mission.    Nevertheless nothing has been sent on from Lourenco Marques apparently, as we learned later that for instance the German boat "Wogenfels" in Diego Suarez had been in radio communication with Germany but had not heard anything until the British were there (AOB: the latter became actually caught due to fears resistance on the Island inland) (AOB: Werz did not trusted the message; but another important fact counted: The Germans were not entitled to pass on strategic information on their diplomatic communication, via the Portuguese communication lines).     The other one, an Afrikaner whose name I have forgotten, took a small, specially built transmitter along which he delivered to the Consulate at Lourenco Marques.   The one sided transmissions were, as can be understood rather unsatisfactory as one never knows if the other side is listening in.    Therefore we asked Lourenco Marques to give us every time the short receiving signal with this transmitter but they never did it. (AOB: The Germans weren't entitled to transmit themselves!) (AOB: similarly occurred in Sweden and Switzerland, there the Germans had to rely upon telephone lines, albeit telex (teletype) could be operated)   Apparently the gentlemen in the neutral Portuguese East Africa with quite a number of refugees kept by the Reich, were not able to do only a fraction of what we did in enemy country.

                    For the code brought by Sittig a book had to be used which I got hold of thanks to my personal connection.    (AOB: a book title is not sufficient, one necessitate an exact equal book copy.  Some in South Africa used the Bible as a code book, here also mattered that both copies must be exactly equal)  After making the above mentioned report I gave this book to Sittig according to his wish, and from now on he translated all reports into code.   This arrangement had the advantage that all the reports which arrived in the last minute at the farm of Dr. Rensburg could still be sent on as Sittig was living on the farm of Dr. van Rensburg, could still be sent on as Sittig was living on the farm near Pretoria whereas the wireless group and the transmitter were in Johannesburg,     The other advantage was the possibility for Dr. van Rensburg to control all reports. When transmissions to Lourenco Marques began he made it a condition that no news about ships in which South Africans were serving. should be transmitted.    I protested repeatedly against this condition, had however, to give in in order to be able to transmit at all.      IT should not be forgotten that all my collaborators were Afrikaners who as member of the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) had submitted to the orders of Dr. van Rensburg.    Outside the Internment Camps there were no germans who could give the necessary assistance.  No person outside all of this can imagine what an amount of work had to be done for my personal safety alone.

                    After about two months of collaboration I noticed a gradual change in Sittig's attitude towards me.    He asserted that through a channel unknown to men news had come from Lourenco Marques that my first transmission with the warning about Madagascar - arranged by Sittig and me - had been full of mistakes.  Ostensibly Lourenco Marques demanded that Sittig alone should be responsible for arranging the code.    It may be that in our hurry with the first transmission →

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some mistakes have been made, but upon my request Sittig checked some of the code-words and found them alright. (AOB: when this is true Sittig made an essential breach: storing foregoing messages. When these were found during a police raid, this is pure evidence!)  Perhaps Lourenco Marques had another addition of the (code) book. By the way, in at least four instances we noticed mistakes also in reports sent by Sittig.    When my collaborator Pierre de Villiers procured a second code-book, Sittig insisted that it should be handed over to him because "he was made responsible for the safety of the code-books by Dr. Wertz".  That was quite a divergence from his original explanation that he came only to hand over the code.    It became more and more clear that Sittig made use of the feeling against me in the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) and that he wanted to ?it pretty in order to claim one day "All this has been accomplished by me".   Therefore I made an except of all important sentences of the code-book in short-hand (stenography)  which only I could read (Rooseboom's profession was short-hand), before handing over the second copy to Sittig.    I did this with the express remark that I could demand this book back every time. This was flatly refused later on.

16.                    Te report which had been translated into code by Sittig, were transmitted by my group in Johannesburg,   About a week after handing over the second book my collaborators gave me the the copy of a report which had been transmitted on Saturday last.  They had reasons to be doubtful about its contents and indeed the decoding with the help of my excerpt proved that Sittig made use of my code-book  and of the wireless service organised by me, in order to run me down in Lourenco Marques (Werz office at the Consulate was the handling service). And we had to risk our lives (as did Sittig, and likely van Rensburg as well!)  for the transmission of such mean slander.     As Dr. van Rensburg was absent  I was forced to inform Lourenco Marques in my next report that that Sittig's assertion that his reports about me had been made with the comivence?? of Dr. van Rensburg was wrong and that they should await further news. (AOB: this was typically a 'looser's' behaviour. As Dr. Werz and the German Foreign Office, in charge of the entire endeavour, considered Rooseboom as not relevant)  Before Dr. van Rensburg's Aide-dé-camp, the already mentioned Anderson, at once declared that he had to remove me temporarily from my position until Dr. van Rensburg's decision had been made. Although the apparent order from Lourenco Marques nothing to do with  the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag), I did not want to interrupt the transmission of news and therefore agreed under the condition (AOB: there should be two side agreeing, apparently only Rooseboom's wishful thinking was considered) that my best collaborator Pierre de Vielliers, should retain full control of the apparatus.    Without me having a chance to a conversation, Sittig (AOB: German versus Rooseboom's S.A. citizenship) was put in my place.    The one opportunity given to me by van Rensburg had made made me up his mind long ago before he returned to Johannesburg or Pretoria.     As always he chose the simplest way out and used the pretext of an "order"  by L.M. (Lourenco Marques; thus Werz's order) in order to refuse to give me an interview. (AOB: quite many decisions originated directly from the German Foreign Office; Auswärtiges Amt)  I then tried to apply for an investigation by the "Great Council", the highest authority within the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) but it was in vain.    The letters and other documents are kept by Miss H. Costzee of 46 Surbitonlaan, Auckland Park, Johannesburg.

17.                    In my letter to the "Great Council" of the O.B. the accusation of treachery is mentioned.    This applied to the following incidents: a Hollander named Elfrink (KV 2/202; PF 65880), usually called Mr. X in O.B. (Ossewa-Barndwag) circles, asserted  to have been appointed an agent by Germany.   Soon after I started working with the O.B. Dr. van Rensburg asked me to inquire in Lourenco Marques if Elfering (Elfrink) was all right. The original of the reply which I received out of the prison by Otto Schroeder is in Miss Coetsee's possession. (AOB: Everybody possessing dangerous materials from a directly past period is acting - laymen/amateur like - in respect to the secrecy where they were dealing with!)   IN spite of this unfavourable reply, read to Dr. van Rensburg in the presence of Capt. Bonhoffm AKG J.A. Smith went to Elferig (Elferink) to inquire from him about me. (AOB: from other van Rensburg's document series - it is well known, that 'killing Rooseboom was considered seriously. And for a long'-time I (AOB) lived with the impression, that they really did kill Rooseboom)  Witness for this fact  would be AKG Jerling.    Here was the foot of sabotage and intrigues against which I was struggling in vain.  Of course, when over he asked Elfering (Elferink) was told that nothing was known about me at all.    Dr. van Rensburg who knew all this, had never the decency to take action against all this.

18.                    My collaborators saw themselves in a very difficult position.    They all were officers under oath of the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag).    That nevertheless two of my most important collaborators decided in my favour, is the best proof for the justness of my attitude and also a splendid proof of my comrades' character. They were Pierre Vielliers of 88 Laan Melville, and J.G. Strydom of Harmonie Tweede Laan. Victoria Park. The rest of my collaborators resigned after having tried in vain to urge an enquiry.

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                    After my separation from the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) I had to find private financial help for my work, then our small group built another big transmitter under incredible difficulties, in order to transmit to Germany. (AOB: how, as he was highly suspected on the German side. It isn't simply transmitting at a random frequency with a random code and then expecting that the Germans will reply? It is a matter of tight coordination on both ends. Mr. Rooseboom apparently had no idea how matters actually did commence.)  In this respect one W.H. Wild helped us in overcoming difficulties which seemed to be insurmountable.  O? the 16th December, 1942, the nearly finished apparatus was stolen out of the car of our group.    In spite of this severe blow we started again from scratch and now after 6 months time a new transmitter was ready. It is hardly imaginable what those 6 months have cost us us in work and worries Apart from the persecution by the Government and now also by the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) the fiancé question the finance question because more and more difficult; parts for the apparatus were not available for money, traffic-control was more severe from month to month,  supporters became more and more timid and the numbers of hide-outs reduced. These are only a few of the difficulties we had to fight daily.    We were lucky to meet some German Officers who had escaped in March and who promised us help after investigating our position.

(AOB: ridiculous! These men hiding themselves, without means of contact with Germany, should be of any benefit to Mr. Rooseboom?)  The first one, Walter Kraizizek (AOB: was not a German officer, and this individual, clearly on van Rensburg's side arrived in Lourenco Marques, and became engaged in some News business somewhere in the Portuguese East Africa, and he returned with almost all from the Legation in Lourenco Marques about October 1944 by special free conduct via Gibraltar to Lisbon. (KV 2/2638 - KV 2/2639: PF 66174) Kraizizek lived for some time at van Rensburg's farm. In Kraizizek's file series there is an interesting story on his time at the farm and Sittig. But also the considerations about killing Mr. Rooseboom!)

A week ago he succeeded in crossing the border. His comrade Masser (KV 2/942 - KV 2/944; PF 106140 he might even have been 'shrapnel') also appeared in the meantime and will help us here for the time being, afterwards he also will try to get away to Germany. ( https://www.cdvandt.org/KV-2-2639-Kraizizek%20OB-SA-modi.pdf )

20.                In the case of Kraizizek - Masser, Dr. van Rensburg showed himself at his worst.  These two comrades had to meet necessarily before Kraizizek's departure departure.  However, they were kept separated by the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag)  command with all kine? of pretence.     The irresponsible and - from the German point of view -treacherous attitude of Dr. van Rensburg was proved (AOB: ? is this a proof ?) in his attempt to frustrate communications between me and Germany.    He asked Kraizizek to give me the impression as if he would take along the suggestion for opening radio-communication. (AOB: radio communication went on in the meantime regularly between Sittig and Germany!) In fact, however, he should give them to Dr. van Rensburg.    As K. as a German officer (AOB: what he de facto was not, as Kraizizek was dismissed from 'Hitler's Leibstandarte' about 1934) as a German officer was not inclined to be used to such treacherous action, he gave Dr. van Rensburg, after having informed men a forged message and the right one to Lourenco Marques.

21.                Recently I received two warnings from circles near Dr. van Rensburg that danger is threatening me from the part of the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag)     Soon afterwards I received a confidential message from Police circles that a new search for me had begun.    It seems to be evident that the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) command probably anonymously had put the Police on my trail.

22.                In conclusion I want to point that I am not carrying on purely out ambition. But I have to fulfil my duty unless the authorities in question in Berlin are relieving me of my duties.    If such an order by the O.K.W. should arrive, I am prepared to resign from my task and to hand over the apparatus etc. to somebody else. (AOB: in my perception - an mentally ill person)

23.                If my source of information which were usually based on personal relations, would also be at disposal, seems to be doubtful.

Signed by me at Johannesburg, Province of Transvaal, South Africa,,

Johannesburg, 28th June, 1943.

sgd.  Hans Rooseboom.

As getuis wir die onderskrift:

sgd. P. de Villiers.

sgd. J.H. Strydom.

 

KV 2/907-2, page 38a + 39b  (Rensburg minute 55b)

 

 

                                                                                                                            Crown Copyright

Copy Original in PF 65657 Trompke (minute 416a).

Telegram.

From:                            Major Ryde (M.I.5)    Pretoria.

Organisator's No:        P/71/44.

Date of Origin:            23.3.44.

Immediate.

    Rooseboom document, copies of which have been despatched to you by air mail mentioning the following characters. (AOB: this actually is breaching South African law (authority))

1. Mrs Bettie Zweistra (neè Najekom) Capetown, described as one of Rooseboom sources.

2. (?Otto) Schroeder, assisted Rooseboom to escape from internment.

3. Abraham Spies helped in organising transmitters.

4. Jerling, assistant Commandant General (OB) (Ossewa-Brandwag) Transvaal, generally assisted Rooseboom in organising transmitter.

5. J.A. Smith, assistant Commandant General Cape Province and Anderson who intrigued against Rooseboom.

6. Vacuum (= van Rensburg) coupled with those mentioned in para 5

7. Captain Boshoff, provided funds for building transmitter.

8. Shrapnel (Sittig likely) and Rooseboom's sister Wilhelmine Ramage of Capetown with whom Shrapnel lived for a year after his escape before his departure to Lourenco Marques. (AOB: but Sittig returned to South African territory, and lived for a while up and around van Rensburg's farm where he operated the transmitter communicating with Germany directly, albeit that the reply might have been conveyed via : Die Heimat Grüsst broadcasts)

9. Rockbrandt who took warning of pending Madagascar campaign to Lourenco Marques.

10. Miss H. Coetzee of Johannesburg, Rooseboom's fiancé, who now works as a telephone supervisor in General Post Office (group corrupt) (AOB, not correctly being received and therefore could not be decoded) and Rooseboom lives on a farm owned by her.

11. Elfering (Elferink) (Dutch), obviously Empress??. known in O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) circles as Mr. X.

12. Pierre Villiers described by Rooseboom as one of the most important collaborators who now works in Wild's shop.

13. J.D. Strydom of Johannesburg coupled with 12 above.

14. Wild who assisted Rooseboom in construction of transmitters after Rooseboom's break with O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag).

15. Walter Kraizizek offered (? to forward?) wavelength details Lourenco Marques.

16. Masser also assisted.

 

KV 2/907-2, page 40    (minute 57a)

                                                                                                                                                Crown Copyright

Extract

Extract for File No :  PF 66175                                                                                                                        Name :    Rensburg

Original in File No : Andressen

            S.I.S.                Under CX/12724/3/V.T.2.

            Extract on :  2.4.44       

Extracts from Anderson's affidatits:-

en (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Affidavit) and de (https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Affidavit)

.    .    .    I was later introduced to Dr. van Rensburg by Mr. Barney Basson, a Staff Major of the Secret Service of the Stormjaer section of the Ossewa Brandwag.  Dr. van Rensburg explained explained to me his plans for organising a rising by the O.B. (Ossewa-Brandwag) against the Government of the Union of South Africa, but he told me that his organisation did not possess sufficient arms for the purpose. .    .    .

              I contacted Dr. Werz who was in change of the direction of subversive movement in South Africa and little later he told me that he was able to carry out Dr. van Rensburg's plan for smuggling arms from Germany to the Ossewa Brandwag. Minute

 

KV 2/907-2, page 41 + KV 2/907-1, page 9

                                                                                                                                                                                                   

                                                                                                            Crown Copyright

 

                                                                                                                                        Minute 55a

Minute 55

18.3.44.    Copy of letter to S.I.S. (London) re the following development in the Felix case.                                                                                        55a

AOB: This is again a very strong indication, that S.I.S. did breach the diplomatic custom in dealing with an illegal document, which were definitely important to the South African Government.

KV 2/907-2, page 42 + KV 2/907-1, page 9

                                                                                                                                        Crown Copyright

                                                                                                                    Minute 54a

17.3.44    From Major Ryde (M.I.5.) Pretoria, Telegram mentioning Rensburg        (again a clear diplomatic breach)

The next pages refer to minute 53a as well as does page 44 concerning minute 51a.

and all concerning a diplomatic breach versus the Union of South Africa.

The British operations did not entirely concerned German involvements, which were minimal - but also inflicted with internal affairs inside the Union of South Africa!

They certainly were aware that this could engender diplomatic controversies between Britain and the authority of the Union of South Africa.

Is this an apparent lack of supervision on behalf of the the British Foreign Office, or of the Dominion affairs, as usually? 

 

KV 2/907-2, page 49  (minute 46a)

                                                                                                                            Crown Copyright

From PF 65657 Trompke Vol. 7 minute 343a

                                                    Sender  is S.I.S →                               CX/12724/3/V.T.2   dated 9th January, 1943 or 1945?

            Dear Courtenay,

                    Anthony Blunt (AOB: also a member of the Communist spies spy ring as the Cambridge Five) has probably told you the story of Ryde's 'ploughman'. Ryde in reply to our telegram giving him the gist of BJ (Blue Jacket) 126671 of December 30th (1943?) states that the last paragraph of the BJ is  the explanation for the para 2 of his telegram to our conference P.3/44  of January the  (the ploughman story.)

                    Ryde continues "it seems clear that Wild has been planted on us by van Rensburg , Paasche and Sittig to find out what we know.    This situation has obvious possibilities and I have asked for M.I.5's consent to accept Wild's approach. If this is approved can you and M.I.5. indicate any particular lines on which you would like me to work.

                    Ryde's telegram P.3/44 was discussed and it was agreed that Ryde should let Wild have his say and report to us when the position could again be discussed.

 

             Yours sincerely,

Sgd.

Captain Courtenay Young

M.I.5.

KV 2/907-2, page 50    (minute 45a)

                                                                                                    Crown Copyright

Secret Telegram received in Cipher.

From:     Major Ryde, Pretoria.

Originator's No:    P.9/44

Date of Origin: 8.1.44.

Date of Receipt:    8.1.44.

Immediate.

Reference my P.5/44   of January 5th.

(1)    MU operation successfully concluded.

(2)    Jan:  3rd bearing obtained from position 24 degrees 38 East, 27 degrees 24 South gave 26 degrees.    Owing to (group corrupt) period of transmission only one check obtained.

(3)    Jan:  7th learning obtained from position 24 59 East, 27 degrees 03 minutes 40 degrees South gave 253 degrees.   Owing to long transmission 3 separate checks obtained on this bearing which is first class.

(4)    Signals described by operator as loudspeaker strength on earphones.    (AOB: We are apparently looking at HD/DF bearings on Sittig's transmissions; as this story of the loud reception of a signal; though this did not imply that they caught Sittig!)    (https://www.cdvandt.org/KV-2-2639-Kraizizek%20OB-SA-modi.pdf)   

(5)    Reference my telegram P.134/43 of December 31st. Vacuum (van Rensburg) is Francis May (group corrupt) district.

(6)    A fishing boat with European went out about January 6th anchored 2 miles out and returned later. Some boat out again January 7th.

(7)    U. Boat picked up by Y considerable distance South of Cape. (The British expected regularly U-boat droppings, but I AOB have no knowledge about any of such endeavours)

(8)    As 2 members of MU party are wanted urgently for finish party at Francis Bay they returned today and I have had had them flown to Port Elizabeth.

 

Secret Telegram Received in cipher.

            From Major Ryde, Pretoria.

KV 2/907-3, page 4   (minute 38a)

                                                                                                                                                Crown Copyright

Snuffbox Pretoria.

November 14th Addressed Lourenco Marques. 926 (telegram serial number?) repeated Pretoria 44, Your telegrams nos 303/307 repeated Pretoria 75 of November 2nd, and Pretoria's telegram no. 28 addressed Lourenco Marques 38 of November 4th.    Following are our comments to which Z.B. (M.I.5/London) agrees:-

November 14th, dd. Lourenco Marques, repeated Pretoria 45.

.    .    .   

F.    Sub para (3).    According to W.W. distrust among O.B. due to Vacuum's (van Rensburg) dealing with Leybrandt. No evidence Stooge allegation.

.    .    .

L.M. 928m repeated Pretoria 46.

J.    To enable further check with W.W. please endeavour to obtain following:-

    1)    Full details of M's movements with dates.

    2)    Details of his associations with Shrapnel (Sittig), Pedant (Paasche) and Vacuum (van Rensburg).

 

  Plaques, London. (S.I.S.)

KV 2/907-3, page 6 (minute 37a) (copy minute sheet)

                                                                                                                        Crown Copyright

 

From:    PF 65880 Elferink  Vol: 1

37.

Note.

            I took Captain Courtenay Young with me to Camp 020 yesterday, where we discussed this case at length with Colonel Steffens, Major Short and Captain brown being present.    This discussion was general, but was concerned to a great extent with the methods by which the Most secret Sources of our information against Elferink could be concealed from him in interrogation.    It was thought that a useful cover might be the suggestion that van Rensburg had betrayed Leibrandt.    Captain Young will produce a short note on van Rensburg and Leibrandt. (AOB: might this indicate that this not really was the case?)

B.1.b.                    6.11.43.            (Sgd.) S.H. Noakes.

 

KV 2/907-3, page 8 

                                                                                                                            Crown Copyright

                    Doctor J.F.J. van Rensburg, a distinguished Afrikaner lawyer, ex-Secretary for Justice and former Administrator of the Orange Free State, became Head of the Ossewa Brandwag in January 1941.

                    The Ossewa Brandwag (the sentinel of the Ox Wagon) was originally a cultural movement, but it developed rapidly along Nationalist lines and by the time of the outbreak of war it had become a militantly nationalist organisation run on para-military lines with the various leaders being given the appropriate military titles.    Thus van Rensburg became "Commandant-General".

                    Field Marshal Smuts described Doctor van Rensburg as being a political fanatic, though not of a criminal type.    He added that he thought it perfectly possible that van Rensburg would pass information to the Germans if he thought it suited his political book. (Field Marshal Smuts did not apparently consider that such action was criminal.)

                    Within the Ossewa Brandwag there is a circle of persons pledged to militant action against the Union Government known as the Sturmjaer.    Van Rensburg has said publicly that in order to prevent this inner circle committing acts of open revolt, he himself became their nominal Head in order to get the leadership in to responsible hands.

                    An escaped internee who was associated with Sittig and Paasche, stated that he understood that the militant section of the Ossewa Brandwag distrusted van Rensburg and regarded him as being "Smuts' stooge",  and that the control of the Stormjaer was in the hands of a certain Ossewa Brandwag "Colonel" du Plessis.

                    Information has also been received, though this may not be particularly reliable as, though it comes from a person who knows South Africa, yet I suspect its origin is in gossip, to the effect that Smuts was in contact van seriously endanger the position of the Union Government.  I do not believe this  to be true, but as this is gossip, it is quite possible that it may have come to the ears of Elfrink and may sow the seeds of doubt in this mind as to van Rensburg's whole-hearted adherence to the Axis (Germany - Italy and Japan) cause.

B.1.b./CTY   6.11.43

  

    

 

To be continued in due course.

 

By Arthur O. Bauer

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