Reisz Microphone type 105, serial number 1487
The Reisz (Reiss) microphone was widely used in the late 1920s and the first half of the 1930s, for good quality sound reproduction.
The microphone was, when being operated, mounted in a rubber-rope suspension, two points on the top. The two screws at the bottom (pointing towards us) were used for fixing the lower suspension, as well as for the electrical microphone connection
It consists of a marble block housing (in our case black marble) and a diaphragm (membrane) of thin carbon. Particular is, that in contrast to regular carbon microphones, the current bias is not flowing in the direction of pressure though, its direction is rectangular to it. Thus, flowing from right to left or inverse. In regular carbon microphones, the movement of pressure and current bias is travelling from front to the rear (or inverse) of the cavity.
This particular type is of the so-called "gradient type". Gradient means, that pressure is being picked-up from the front and from the rear (carbon) diaphragm.
Microphone box opened
Microphone box closed
Confusing is, the use of Reisz or Reiss, for these kinds of microphones
On 5 February 2012 we received the following e-mail from Berthold Bosch:
Eugen Reisz war gebürtiger Budapester und schrieb seinen Namen - auch nach seinem 1913 erfolgten Wechsel nach Berlin - mit dem in Ungarn als s ausgesprochenen sz. Andere Leute in Dtschld meinten, sie sollten ihn mit dem ß beglücken. Reisz war ja einer der drei Namensgeber des LRS-Relais (verbesserte Lieben-Röhre).
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